Pinanga capitata

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Pinanga (pih-NAHN-gah)
capitata (kah-pih-TAH-tah)
Kamborangah, Sabah, Malaysia. Photo by Dr. John Dransfield, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew/Palmweb.
Scientific Classification
Genus: Pinanga (pih-NAHN-gah)
capitata (kah-pih-TAH-tah)
None set.
Native Continent
Habit: Solitary
Leaf type: Pinnate
Survivability index
Common names
Bumburing Palm

Habitat and Distribution

Borneo. 2004. Photo by Clive Lundquist


Clustering montane monoecious unarmed pinnate palm with stems rarely exceeding 2 m long. Stem to 2-5 cm diam. with internodes to 10 cm long, the stem surface densely covered with dark red-brown to blackish scales. Crownshaft only slightly swollen, to 70 cm long, 2-5 cm wide near the base. Leaf sheaths dull greenish-brown, densely covered with dark red-brown to blackish scales. Leaves about 6-8 in crown, to 1 m long in well-grown mature individuals, shorter in exposed individuals, occasionally up to 2 m long in rosette stages of juvenile; petiole to 40 x 0-5 cm, densely covered with silvery and dull reddish-brown scales; leaflets 7-12 on each side of the rachis, rather irregularly arranged and reflexed in the proximal part of the leaf, regular and opposite and divaricate in the distal part, with 1-2 folds; proximal leaflets longer than distal, 25-30 x 0-7-2 cm, the distal leaflets occasionally much smaller, the leaflets frequently constricted at the insertion on the rachis; bifid scales sometimes present on the main veins, on abaxial surface; abaxial surface of lamina also densely covered with minute scales and papillae. Inflorescence erect or pendulous, with spreading branches; peduncle to 2 cm long, 5 mm wide near the base; rachillae to 8 in number, 7.5 x 0-3 cm, somewhat flattened, glabrous, bearing distichously arranged flower groups up to 5 mm distant. Staminate flowers not known. Post anthesis pistillate flower with 3 imbricate, shortly apiculate, minutely ciliate, rounded sepals to 2 mm long; corolla with 3 petals similar to the sepals; ovary to 2 mm, oblong, tipped with an irregular, convoluted stigma. Rachillae turning reddish at fruit maturity. Mature fruit purplish-black, to 12 x 7 mm, tipped with the eroded stigmatic remains, with very thin pericarp with a poorly developed fibrous layer. Seed to 10 x 5 mm. Endo- sperm deeply ruminate. Embryo sub-basal. (J. Dransfield. 1980)/Palmweb. Editing by edric.


Cold Hardiness Zone: 10b

Comments and Curiosities

External Links


Phonetic spelling of Latin names by edric.

Special thanks to Geoff Stein, (Palmbob) for his hundreds of photos.

Special thanks to, Dr. John Dransfield, Dr. Bill Baker & team, for their volumes of information and photos.

Glossary of Palm Terms; Based on the glossary in Dransfield, J., N.W. Uhl, C.B. Asmussen-Lange, W.J. Baker, M.M. Harley & C.E. Lewis. 2008. Genera Palmarum - Evolution and Classification of the Palms. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. All images copyright of the artists and photographers (see images for credits).

Dransfield, J. 1980. Systematic Notes on Pinanga (Palmae) in Borneo. Kew Bulletin, Vol. 34, No. 4, pp. 769-788.

Many Special Thanks to Ed Vaile for his long hours of tireless editing and numerous contributions.

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