Iguanura wallichiana

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Iguanura (ig-oo-ah-NOOR-ah) wallichiana (wahl-lihk-ee-AHN-ah)
Iguanura wallichiana var. major. Gunung Belumut, Johor, Malaysia. Photo by Dr. John Dransfield, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew/Palmweb.
Scientific Classification
Genus: Iguanura (ig-oo-ah-NOOR-ah)
Species: wallichiana (wahl-lihk-ee-AHN-ah)
None set.
Native Continent
Habit: Clustering
Leaf type: Pinnate & bifid.
Survivability index
Common names
Pinang Burung, Tronok

Habitat and Distribution

Malaya, Sumatera, and Thailand.
Lundkvist garden, Hawaii. Photo by Geoff Stein.


There are three subspecies, Iguanura wallichiana var. major, (Malaya) A truly spectacular dwarf palm, native to Peninsular Malaysia, which forms a dense cluster of trunkless plants with vivid green, undivided leaves to about 1.5 m (5 ft.) tall. Iguanura wallichiana var. rosea (Malaya Kelantan, and Perak.) Iguanura wallichiana var. wallichiana, (Malaya, Sumatera, and Thailand.) forms clusters of canlike stems to about 3 m (10 ft.) tall, each holding an open crown of arching leaves with wide, somewhat fishtail-shaped leaflets. Editing by edric.


It is best suited to tropical climates. The natural habitat of the Pinang Burung is in the undergrowth of lowland forests, under the thick canopy of trees. Hence, this palm can be grown in shaded damp areas, tolerating low levels of light and even waterlogged soil. Cold Hardiness Zone: 10b

Comments and Curiosities

The common name of this palm “pinang burung” translates as “bird nut”, possibly due to its fruits being dispersed by birds. The Pinang Burung is a solitary single-trunk palm that is typically 1-2 m tall, sometimes reaching up to 5 m in height. Each frond of this palm has two to nine lobes and can be described as being “pinnate” or “feather-like”, which could be another reason attributing to its common name. The young frond of the Pinang Burung is an attractive reddish-brown. Hence, the palm is cultivated for its ornamental leaves.

External Links


Phonetic spelling of Latin names by edric.

Special thanks to Geoff Stein, (Palmbob) for his hundreds of photos.

Special thanks to Palmweb.org, Dr. John Dransfield, Dr. Bill Baker & team, for their volumes of information and photos.

Glossary of Palm Terms; Based on the glossary in Dransfield, J., N.W. Uhl, C.B. Asmussen-Lange, W.J. Baker, M.M. Harley & C.E. Lewis. 2008. Genera Palmarum - Evolution and Classification of the Palms. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. All images copyright of the artists and photographers (see images for credits).

Many Special Thanks to Ed Vaile for his long hours of tireless editing and numerous contributions.

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