Iguanura palmuncula var. palmuncula

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Iguanura (ig-oo-ah-NOOR-ah)
palmuncula (pahl-moon-COOL-ah)
Gunung Buri, Sarawak, Malaysia. Photo by Dr. John Dransfield, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew/Palmweb.
Scientific Classification
Genus: Iguanura (ig-oo-ah-NOOR-ah)
palmuncula (pahl-moon-COOL-ah)
Subspecies: var. palmuncula
None set.
Native Continent
Habit: Solitary
Leaf type: Pinnate
Survivability index
Common names

Habitat and Distribution

Borneo. Sarawak, G. Matlang, Kuching. (Kiew R. 1976)/Palmweb.

Kubah National Park, Sarawak, East Malaysia.


Stem concealed within the persistent leaf sheaths, 6-10 cm long. Annuli crowded. Leaf about 40 cm long, petiole 8-9 cm; lamina 30 cm long and 15 cm wide, either divided into 2-4 pairs of segments or simple and oval-rounded in shape with?ideep apical notch. Inflorescence branched among the leaves, short, just emerging from the leaf sheaths. Peduncle 8 cm. Rachillae 2-6, 10 cm long, 1 mm thick. Flowers to 1/2 cm apart. (Kiew R. 1976)/Palmweb. Editing by edric.

Beccari (1904) described how he found this species on Gunung Mattang: - "Here, too, I collected specimens of the largest known Calamus and of the diminutive Iguanura palmuncula, which is probably the smallest of known palms. Its four or five fronds which constitute the entire plant, and are about the size of a man's hand, are borne at the summit of a stem a few inches high and of the thickness of a goose-quill." He described two varieties: one has simple leaves ("forma typica") and the other has dissected leaves (var angustisecta). The type collections of those two varieties have the same collecting number suggesting that they are from the same population and the dissected leaved specimen shows a series of leaves from the scarcely dissected to the completely dissected leaves so that I regard these plants as belonging to a single taxon. (Kiew R. 1976)/Palmweb.


Comments and Curiosities

Cold hardiness Zone: 10b

External Links


Phonetic spelling of Latin names by edric.

Special thanks to Geoff Stein, (Palmbob) for his hundreds of photos.

Special thanks to Palmweb.org, Dr. John Dransfield, Dr. Bill Baker & team, for their volumes of information and photos.

Glossary of Palm Terms; Based on the glossary in Dransfield, J., N.W. Uhl, C.B. Asmussen-Lange, W.J. Baker, M.M. Harley & C.E. Lewis. 2008. Genera Palmarum - Evolution and Classification of the Palms. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. All images copyright of the artists and photographers (see images for credits).

Kiew R. 1976. The Genus Iguanura Bl. (Palmae).

Many Special Thanks to Ed Vaile for his long hours of tireless editing and numerous contributions.

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