Caryota no

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Caryota (kahr-ee-OH-tah)
no (NO)
Tenom, Sabah, Malaysia. Photo by Dr. John Dransfield, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew/Palmweb.
Scientific Classification
Genus: Caryota (kahr-ee-OH-tah)
no (NO)
Caryota rumphiana var. borneensis.
Native Continent
Habit: Solitary
Leaf type: Bi-pinnate
Survivability index
Common names
Giant fishtail palm.

Habitat and Distribution

Caryota no is found in the rainforests of Borneo.



Trunk type: Solitary, brownish grey. Height: To 20 m (65'). Spread: To 10 m (33'). Leaf detail: Pinnately compound, alternately opposed, bipinnate, to 5 m (16'), light green. Flower detail: Flower spathe emerges from crown, large mop like inflorescence, golden in color. Fruit, and seed detail: Fruit ripens To Dark Purple/Black, seeds are round, dark brown, glossy, approximately, 1.75 centimeters across. Special note: The Caryota genus, is the only palm that is bipinnate (except for one species). The Caryota palm dies, after bearing fruit.


Requirements: Filtered light when young, full sun when mature, consistently moist soil, well drained position.

Comments and Curiosities

This is a monocarpic species.

Etymology: From the Aboriginal name for the tree.

The palm heart, is eaten by the natives.

External Links


Phonetic spelling of Latin names by edric.

Special thanks to Geoff Stein, (Palmbob) for his hundreds of photos.

Special thanks to, Dr. John Dransfield, Dr. Bill Baker & team, for their volumes of information and photos.

Glossary of Palm Terms; Based on the glossary in Dransfield, J., N.W. Uhl, C.B. Asmussen-Lange, W.J. Baker, M.M. Harley & C.E. Lewis. 2008. Genera Palmarum - Evolution and Classification of the Palms. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. All images copyright of the artists and photographers (see images for credits).

Many Special Thanks to Ed Vaile for his long hours of tireless editing and numerous contributions.

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