Syagrus microphylla

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Syagrus (see-AHG-ruhs)
microphylla (mihk-ROH-fihl-lah)
Summit of Morro de Chapen, Bahia, Brazil. Photo by Dr. Simon Mayo, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew/Palmweb.
Scientific Classification
Genus: Syagrus (see-AHG-ruhs)
microphylla (mihk-ROH-fihl-lah)
None set.
Native Continent
Habit: Solitary & clustering
Leaf type: Pinnate
Survivability index
Common names
Coquinho, Ariri

Habitat and Distribution

Syagrus microphylla is found in Brazil, Northeast. Mountain savannah and semi-arid, open
Garden of Dr. Harri Lorenzi - Campinas, Brazil - Photo: Suchin Marcus (Jill Menzel & Jeff Marcus for scale).
forests, growing on white sandy to reddish, clayey soils; at elevations from 800 - 1,100 metres elev.


Syagrus microphylla; growing up to 1 metre tall. Usually only one stem is produced, though occasionally there is a small cluster of stems; the stem is subterranean (acaulescent), and is topped by a crown of 5 - 12 glacous plumose leaves, that are up to 60 cm long. Editing by edric.


The plant is probably tolerant of at least occasional light frosts. Requires a sunny position. Grows best in a well drained, sandy soil. Established plants are drought tolerant. Cold Hardiness Zone: 10a

Comments and Curiosities

Uses: Sometimes gathered from the wild for local medicinal use. The liquid endosperm of unripe fruits has been used in the treatment of eye irritation.

A dwarf palm from central Bahia in eastern Brazil where it grows in the transition zone between caatinga and campo rupestre on sandy or rocky soil at moderate altitudes. It forms a trunkless, hemispherical crown with stiff, silvery, glaucous blue leaves and would make a beautiful ornamental, but propagation from seed is difficult. (

External Links


Phonetic spelling of Latin names by edric.

Special thanks to Geoff Stein, (Palmbob) for his hundreds of photos.

Special thanks to, Dr. John Dransfield, Dr. Bill Baker & team, for their volumes of information and photos.

Glossary of Palm Terms; Based on the glossary in Dransfield, J., N.W. Uhl, C.B. Asmussen-Lange, W.J. Baker, M.M. Harley & C.E. Lewis. 2008. Genera Palmarum - Evolution and Classification of the Palms. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. All images copyright of the artists and photographers (see images for credits).

Many Special Thanks to Ed Vaile for his long hours of tireless editing and numerous contributions.

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