Syagrus macrocarpa

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Syagrus (see-AHG-ruhs)
macrocarpa (mak-roh-KAR-pah)
Syagrus macrocarpa inflorescence.jpg
Syagrus macrocarpa specimen at Roberto Burle Marx Garden in Brazil. Photo by Paul Craft.
Scientific Classification
Genus: Syagrus (see-AHG-ruhs)
macrocarpa (mak-roh-KAR-pah)
None set.
Native Continent
Habit: Solitary
Leaf type: Pinnate
Survivability index
Common names
Maria Rosa Palm

Habitat and Distribution

Syagrus macrocarpa is found in Brazil Southeast.

Minas Gerais, Brazil. Photo Dr. by Kelen Soares.


Solitary palm tree growing 5 - 10 metres tall. The unbranched bole can be 10 - 20 cm in diameter, topped by a crown of 15 - 20, gracefully arching, plumose leaves with curly leaflets. Fruit; fibrous, mucilaginous pulp with a slightly sweet flavour. The fruit is about 8 cm long and 6 cm wide. Editing by edric.


Seed - very difficult to germinate, with rates typically about 5%. Cold Hardiness Zone: 10a.

Comments and Curiosities

Uses: The edible fruits and seed are gathered from the wild for local use.

Conservation: The species is confined to Atlantic coastal forest - a habitat that has been severely degraded by human activity. Trees are so sparsely scattered that out-crossing may be seriously limited. The plant is classified as 'Endangered' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.

A medium-sized palm from southeastern Brazil with a slender trunk to 8 m (27 ft.) tall, topped by a crown of beautiful, elegantly arching, feathery leaves with curly leaflets. Syagrus macrocarpa is a highly ornamental palm, as easy and rewarding to grow as the Queen Palm, and has enormous potential for horticulture. It will easily adapt to cultivation in warm temperate as well as tropical areas. As one of the rarest of all Syagrus, both in the wild where it faces the threat of extinction. (

External Links


Phonetic spelling of Latin names by edric.

Special thanks to Geoff Stein, (Palmbob) for his hundreds of photos.

Special thanks to, Dr. John Dransfield, Dr. Bill Baker & team, for their volumes of information and photos.

Glossary of Palm Terms; Based on the glossary in Dransfield, J., N.W. Uhl, C.B. Asmussen-Lange, W.J. Baker, M.M. Harley & C.E. Lewis. 2008. Genera Palmarum - Evolution and Classification of the Palms. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. All images copyright of the artists and photographers (see images for credits).

Many Special Thanks to Ed Vaile for his long hours of tireless editing and numerous contributions.

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