Pinanga mooreana

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Pinanga (pih-NAHN-gah)
mooreana (mohr-eh-AHN-ah)
Pinanga mooreana.jpg
In habitat, Sarawak. Photo by Mike Gray
Scientific Classification
Genus: Pinanga (pih-NAHN-gah)
mooreana (mohr-eh-AHN-ah)
None set.
Native Continent
Habit: Clustering
Leaf type: Pinnate
Survivability index
Common names
pinang murind (Sarawak)

Habitat and Distribution

Borneo, and Sarawak. Known only from the 4th and 5th Divisions of Sarawak where
Large leaved and elegant Pinanga mooreana, Sungei Liang Palmetum. Photo by Hog Mascall
it seems to be confined to lowland forest. In the G. Mulu National Park it is one of the characteristic features of alluvial forest; in the Bintulu area, however, I have collected it at the edge of kerangas forest. (Govaerts, R. & Dransfield, J. 2005)/Palmweb.


Clustering, unarmed, pleonanthic, monoecious palm. Stem with basal suckers forming rather close clumps (caespitose); stem robust to 8 m or more tall, to 2.5 cm in diam. just above the nodes, to 3.5 cm in diam. just below the nodes, rarely with greater diameter; nodal scars very conspicuous, about 1.5 cm wide, whole internode to 9 cm long; stem surface dull purplish-brown above, grey-brown below, in young parts densely covered with chocolate-coloured scales. Crownshaft to 1.25 m long, slightly swollen, dull purplish-brown. Leaves 6-8 in crown; leaf sheath to 75 cm long, dull purplish-brown, densely covered with chocolate-coloured scales; leaf without sheath to 3 m long; petiole 35-100 cm, slightly channelled adaxially, rounded abax- ially, about 1.5 cm in diam., with caducous chocolate-coloured scales; leaflets to 25 on each side of the rachis, regularly arranged, rather stiff, diverging from the rachis at an angle of about 60 degrees, mostly 2-ribbed except for occasional 1-or 3-ribbed leaflets, and the apical compound pair; lowermost leaflets to 33 x 2 cm, long-acuminate; mid lamina leaflets to 65 x 4 cm, very gradually narrowed towards the tip; uppermost 2-3 leaflets on each side with lobed tips corresponding to the major ribs; apical leaflet pair joined along mid line for about 15 cm of rachis, with lower margin to 33 cm long, and upper margin to 23 cm long, to 10 cm wide, conspicuously lobed with adaxial splits to 1 cm deep and abaxial splits to 4 cm deep; lamina dull dark green, coriaceous when fresh, drying dull green-brown, only slightly paler on abaxial surface, very slightly rugose when dried, glabrous except for very sparse brown scales along abaxial ribs on abaxial surface. Inflores- cence infrafoliar, pendulous; prophyll not known; peduncle to 5 cm long, flattened, 2 x 0.5 cm wide at the prophyll scar; rachillae 5-8 held ± in the same plane, the longest to 27 cm long, flattened, 6 x 3 mm in T.S.; triads arranged distichously, to 10 mm distant with subtending bracts very inconspicuous. Staminate flowers unknown. Pistillate flower depressed globose; calyx with 3 rounded, imbricate, ciliate-margined lobes to 2.5 mm long, 5 mm wide, joined for about 0.5 mm at the very base; corolla with 3 rounded, imbricate, ciliate-margined lobes to 2.25 mm long, 4.5 mm wide; staminodes absent; ovary rounded, about 3 mm in diam., tipped with irregularly lobed and flattened stigma. Half-mature fruit greenish, with black calyx and corolla, borne on a yellowish-green rachilla, the fruit ± cylindrical, 15 x 5 mm. Maturing fruit turning yellowish, then orange, finally deep purplish-black, the rachillae eventually yellowish to orange. Mature fruit broadly ellipsoid, very slightly curved, to 3 x 1.5 cm, with a distinct low collar surrounding the apical stigmatic remains; epicarp smooth but not satiny; endocarp with conspicuous longitudinal fibres; seed adhering to the endocarp, to 2 x 1 cm, attached basally; endosperm deeply and irregularly ruminate; embryo basal. (Govaerts, R. & Dransfield, J. 2005)/Palmweb. Editing by edric.


Warm, sheltered and moist. Tropical in its requirements. Cold Hardiness Zone: 10b

Comments and Curiosities

A small, clustering palm from the undergrowth of rainforests in Sarawak on the island of Borneo with long, entire or sparsely pinnate leaves. (

External Links


Phonetic spelling of Latin names by edric.

Special thanks to Geoff Stein, (Palmbob) for his hundreds of photos.

Special thanks to, Dr. John Dransfield, Dr. Bill Baker & team, for their volumes of information and photos.

Glossary of Palm Terms; Based on the glossary in Dransfield, J., N.W. Uhl, C.B. Asmussen-Lange, W.J. Baker, M.M. Harley & C.E. Lewis. 2008. Genera Palmarum - Evolution and Classification of the Palms. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. All images copyright of the artists and photographers (see images for credits).

Govaerts, R. & Dransfield, J. (2005). World Checklist of Palms: 1-223. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

J. Dransfield, Systematic Notes on Pinanga (Palmae) in Borneo. 1980

Many Special Thanks to Ed Vaile for his long hours of tireless editing and numerous contributions.

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