Pinanga caesia 'red form'

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Pinanga (pih-NAHN-ah)
caesia (SEH-see-gah) 'red form'
Pinanga caesia56.jpg
Thailand. Photo:
Scientific Classification
Genus: Pinanga (pih-NAHN-ah)
caesia (SEH-see-gah) 'red form'
None set.
Native Continent
Habit: Clustering
Leaf type: Pinnate
Survivability index
Common names

Habitat and Distribution

Sulawesi. Endemic to Mountainous rainforest, on northern Sulawesi
Hawaii. Photo by Geoff Stein.
(Formerly known as Celebes), Indonesia.


A medium sized, solitary palm with a slender, ringed trunk, and a purple or orange crownshaft to about 3m. It has an upright crown of lightly arching leaves with drooping leaflets. The leaf undersides and rhachis has an unusual bluish/violet colour. Editing by edric.


Requires moist but well drained soil with filtered sun in a tropical/warm subtropical climate. Can handle temperatures down to 1°C with little leaf damage but protection from cold winds is required.

Comments and Curiosities

Etymology: Latin For "slate Blue" Which Refers To The Color Of The Leaf Rachis.

"This is one of the world's most colorful palms. The most striking feature is the crownshaft which is a dark golden color, that fades rapidly into a deep orangy-brown near the top. Then the gold color resumes along the petioles, sometimes into the rachis. THe premorse, slightly pendant leaflets are a light to emerald green and often faintly mottled with yellow. THe trunk is closely ringed and is green at the top and slowly fades to a yellow color and then to an orange color farther down the trunk. and as if that weren't colorful enough, the flowers are a bright pink color, sprouting out just below the crownshaft in a little fountain. This is one of the most popular species I noticed in Hawaiian gardens, at least among the palm lovers, again, as with most Pinangas, it's pretty cold sensitive and can't survive anywhere here in Southern California." (Geoff Stein)

An absolutely stunning, midsized palm with a slender, ringed trunk, a long, silky purple or orange crownshaft and a dense crown of upright, lightly arching leaves with leaflets that are fused in small groups which makes them look like little fans. The drooping leaftips give the leaf a wonderful curly appearance. The undersides of the leaves and the leaf midripbs have an unusual bluish tinge. Native to northern Sulawesi, an Island in Indonesia that used to be know as Celebes, this palm is best suited to humid, tropical climates and does well in both sun and shade. (

Medium sized palm native to Indonesia. Crownshaft is orangish to deep red; there are several variants in cultivation. Young plants have leaves that are mottled deep and light green. Nice plant for a shady spot in the tropical garden or a good conservatory plant for a large container. I have a plant with a maroon crownshaft that has bloomed several times but failed to set seed. Outdoors in Zones 10B to 11; very little tolerance for cool or cold temperatures. (

External Links


Phonetic spelling of Latin names by edric.

Special thanks to Geoff Stein, (Palmbob) for his hundreds of photos.

Special thanks to, Dr. John Dransfield, Dr. Bill Baker & team, for their volumes of information and photos.

Glossary of Palm Terms; Based on the glossary in Dransfield, J., N.W. Uhl, C.B. Asmussen-Lange, W.J. Baker, M.M. Harley & C.E. Lewis. 2008. Genera Palmarum - Evolution and Classification of the Palms. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. All images copyright of the artists and photographers (see images for credits).

Many Special Thanks to Ed Vaile for his long hours of tireless editing and numerous contributions.

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