Howea belmoreana

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Howea (how'-eh-ah)
belmoreana (bell-mor'-eh-AHN-ah)
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Mt. Gower Climb (Lord Howe Island) - Troy & Darold Petty's excellent adventure. Photo by Troy Donovan.
Scientific Classification
Genus: Howea (how'-eh-ah)
belmoreana (bell-mor'-eh-AHN-ah)
None set.
Native Continent
Habit: solitary
Leaf type: pinnate
Height: 40 ft/12 m
Trunk diameter: 6-8 in/15 cm
Sun exposure: Mild full sun
Watering: moderate/humid
Soil type: tolerant
Survivability index
Common names
Belmore Sentry Palm, Curly palm.

Habitat and Distribution

Norfolk Is., specifically Lord Howe Island off Australia, where it grows in the moderate,
Mt. Gower Climb (Lord Howe Island) - Troy & Darold Petty's excellent adventure. Photo by Troy Donovan.
hilly rainforests, but not along the coast where most of the Kentia palms grow in massive palm forests.


This monoecious, pinnate palm grows to about 40'/12m tall and has a closely ringed green trunk about 6 inches/15cm in diameter. The leaves are striking and markedly recurved, nearly forming a half circle in their arching up, out and down. The leaves are quite long, but the width of the entire palm is much less than the doubled length of the leaves because of their extreme recurving. The leaflets grow up and out away from the rachis forming a pronounced 'V', in sharp contrast to the droopy, downward pointing leaflets of its cousin, Howea forsteriana. The inflorescences are unbranched, also in constrast to H. forsteriana, though the fruits are similar shape and color (dark red and ovoid). There is no crownshaft. Editing by edric.


Though supposedly unhappy in a tropical, warm climate, palms look extremely healthy and vigorous growing in the coastal Hawaiian rainforests. However, the palm looks perfect, as well, in a nearly frost-free Mediterranean climate. It is a significantly more difficult and touchy palm than H. forsteriana, growing more slowly (hence the crowded, closely spaced trunk rings) and being less tolerant of full sun, cold, wind and indoor situations. This palm is probably cold tolerant to around 28F/-2.2C, but will show leaf burn even at that temp if kept there for any length of time.

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Comments and Curiosities

External Links


Phonetic spelling of Latin names by edric.

Special thanks to Geoff Stein, (Palmbob) for his hundreds of photos

Special thanks to, Dr. John Dransfield, Dr. Bill Baker & team, for their volumes of information and photos

Glossary of Palm Terms; Based on the glossary in Dransfield, J., N.W. Uhl, C.B. Asmussen-Lange, W.J. Baker, M.M. Harley & C.E. Lewis. 2008. Genera Palmarum - Evolution and Classification of the Palms. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. All images copyright of the artists and photographers (see images for credits).

Many Special Thanks to Ed Vaile for his long hours of tireless editing and numerous contributions.

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