Hemithrinax compacta

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compacta (kohm-PAHK-tah)
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Palmetum de Santa Cruz, Tenerife, Spain. Photo by Dr. Scott Zona.
Scientific Classification
Genus: Hemithrinax
compacta (kohm-PAHK-tah)
None set.
Native Continent
Habit: Solitary
Leaf type: Palmate
Survivability index
Common names

Habitat and Distribution

Endemic to Cuba.
Palmetum de Santa Cruz, Tenerife, Spain. Photo by Dr. Scott Zona.


Hemithrinax compacta (syn. Thrinax compacta) is a species of palm that is endemic to Cuba. Hemithrinax compacta flourishes on the of Cuba. Mogotes are dome-shaped hills in Cuba made up of coral rock. Hemithrinax compacta is the only species in its genus in Cuba that grows in the highlands, at an elevation of 450 m. Hemithrinax compacta needs to have more than 2400 mm per year of rainfall and a mean temperature of 22 degrees Celsius. The leaves of the palm have an average length of 190 cm and the inflorescence of the palm is tightly clustered, giving rise to the species name. A mature H. compacta can have a massive trunk of up to 10 cm thick and more than 20 m in height. The Thrinax genus has been grown in gardens. In addition, in the Thrinax genus the fruits are dispersed and eaten by red-bellied woodpeckers, birds, gray squirrels and lizards. Morici, Carlos. "The Genus Thrinax in Cuba." Palms (2000)


Comments and Curiosities

External Links


Phonetic spelling of Latin names by edric.

Special thanks to Geoff Stein, (Palmbob) for his hundreds of photos.

Special thanks to Palmweb.org, Dr. John Dransfield, Dr. Bill Baker & team, for their volumes of information and photos.

Glossary of Palm Terms; Based on the glossary in Dransfield, J., N.W. Uhl, C.B. Asmussen-Lange, W.J. Baker, M.M. Harley & C.E. Lewis. 2008. Genera Palmarum - Evolution and Classification of the Palms. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. All images copyright of the artists and photographers (see images for credits).

Many Special Thanks to Ed Vaile for his long hours of tireless editing and numerous contributions.

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