Pinanga patula

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Pinanga (pih-NAHN-gah)
patula (pah-TOO-lah)
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Gilio Giacomozzi
Scientific Classification
Genus: Pinanga (pih-NAHN-gah)
patula (pah-TOO-lah)
None set.
Native Continent
Habit: Solitary & clustering.
Leaf type: Pinnate
Survivability index
Common names

Habitat and Distribution

Indonesia (Sumatera); Malaysia (Peninsular Malaysia). This species occurs in the undergrowth of rainforests below 800 m asl. Specimens have
Photo by Gilio Giacomozzi
been found in Dipterocarp and secondary lowland forest.


Bowl shaped, green blooms that turn red with age


Fertile, moist, well drained. Cold Hardiness Zone: 10b

Comments and Curiosities

Conservation: This species is present in several protected areas. It is cultivated in Singapore botanic gardens and was given a conservation status of 'Rare' in Indonesia-Kalimantan, in the 1997 IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants (Walter and Gillett 1998). General threats to the habitat in which this species occurs include: large-scale clearing for plantations and agriculture, especially of rubber, coconut, and oil palm for export production (WWF 2001). Pinanga patula is confined to Sumatera. It occurs within a number of protected areas, although many have been illegally logged and used for the palm oil industry. As the species has a large range and does not does qualify for any threatened categories it has been placed in the Least Concern category. 2013.

Pinanga patula is endemic to Sumatera. It is also reported to be scattered through the hills and mountains of Malaya, from Perak and Kelantan to Singapore (Whitmore 1998) although this may refer to another species such as P. limosum (J. Dransfield pers. comm. 2012).

This smallish, rather rare, clustering palm with broadly pinnate leaves is native to rainforests on Sumatra and adapts readily to cultivation in a variety of tropical climates. (

External Links


Phonetic spelling of Latin names by edric.

Special thanks to Geoff Stein, (Palmbob) for his hundreds of photos

Special thanks to, Dr. John Dransfield, Dr. Bill Baker & team, for their volumes of information and photos

Glossary of Palm Terms; Based on the glossary in Dransfield, J., N.W. Uhl, C.B. Asmussen-Lange, W.J. Baker, M.M. Harley & C.E. Lewis. 2008. Genera Palmarum - Evolution and Classification of the Palms. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. All images copyright of the artists and photographers (see images for credits).

Many Special Thanks to Ed Vaile for his long hours of tireless editing and numerous contributions.

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