Trachycarpus ukhrulensis

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Trachycarpus
(trahk-ee-KAHR-puhs)
ukhrulensis (oo-kroo-LEHN-siss)
Manipur3761.jpg
Manipur, India. Photo-panglobalplants.com
Scientific Classification
Genus: Trachycarpus
(trahk-ee-KAHR-puhs)
Species:
ukhrulensis (oo-kroo-LEHN-siss)
Synonyms
Trachycarpus sp. "Manipur" or "Naga Hills"
Native Continent
Asia
Asia.gif
Morphology
Habit: Solitary
Leaf type: Palmate
Culture
Survivability index
Common names
Saramati Palm

Habitat and Distribution

Assam, Nagaland, Naga Hills near Mount Saramati, Burma, Myanmar, Manipur, India.
Photo by Herbert Riphagen.
Grows on limestone and sandstone steep and rocky hill country, the palm tolerates extreme cold with frost during the winter. During the summer rainfall is heavy. The altitude at which it occurs is 4000-6000ft.

Description

"The most resent Trachycarpus discovery is surely the most interesting one yet. Re-named as Trachycarpus ukhrulensis from Trachycarpus sp. Manipur. It is possibly the same palm that Frank Kingdon Ward wrote about in his 1952 book Plant Hunter in Manipur. The palm was rediscovered along the Himalayan ranges of Burma in Manipur. Growing to the height of 50ft tall with a clean hairless trunk 12 inches in diameter. Producing 24-28 3 foot palmate leaves on 2 foot long thorny petioles. Each leaf having 68-71 segments. The underside of the leaf is a stunning powdery white and dark green above. Mature fruits ripen to orange/yellow." (trebrown.com) Editing by edric.

"This New Trachycarpus sp. (Manipur) of palm found in the Himalayan ranges of Burma boundary at the beginning in Manipur comes up with the height of 50ft tall and naked. The measurement of its starting little bit up from the mud is 2ft and the middle portion is 1ft 10" inch and ultimately the top portion taking its dead leaves measures up to 3ft. This is a cold hardy palm and grows full straight. The quantity of the leaves available on this palm is 24-28 and the linear segment of each leaf is count to 68-71. Keeping the leaves straight, its horizontal measurement from one point of the linear segment to the other point is 3-1/2ft. The length of the stem is 2-1/2ft. and its bottom breadth measuring from its growing area is 2-1/2 inches and the upper breadth from where the leaves starts growing is 1 inch moreover the stem is covered with small thrones which is unharmful. The downside portion of the leave is fully powdery white and its upside is fully green. The new form of leaf in the blooming time consists, type of white powder in maximum. (Haripada Roy)

Culture

"The climatic condition of this palm is extremely cold with frost environment in the winter season and more in the month of December in the morning time. During the time of summer the rainfall is heavy and in winter it is cold, the altitude at which it is found is 4000-6000 ft. This variety of palm grows on highly slopped areas of dry ground and too they are available in the middle of wild forests. Soils like hard stone are found in maximum, limestone and sandstone are available in minimum amount with brown mud. In the mid of February the palm starts bearing flowers which matures gradually with fruits on it. The palm that gives good quality of seeds has the seeds bunch of 4-5 and it is seen that some of the palm that starts giving seeds is from 10 ft on-wards. From the last week of November the seeds gets starts ripening. The seeds of this palm are black in color, bean shaped and are eaten by small insects due to its sweetness. Beside this, palm seeds flora of this palm, fully blooming time is from midweek of the March on-wards." (The climatic condition of this palm is extremely cold with frost environment in the winter season and more in the month of December in the morning time. During the time of summer the rainfall is heavy and in winter it is cold, the altitude at which it is found is 4000-6000 ft. This variety of palm grows on highly slopped areas of dry ground and too they are available in the middle of wild forests. Soils like hard stone are found in maximum, limestone and sandstone are available in minimum amount with brown mud. In the mid of February the palm starts bearing flowers which matures gradually with fruits on it. The palm that gives good quality of seeds has the seeds bunch of 4-5 and it is seen that some of the palm that starts giving seeds is from 10 ft on-wards. From the last week of November the seeds gets starts ripening. The seeds of this palm are black in color, bean shaped and are eaten by small insects due to its sweetness. Beside this, palm seeds flora of this palm, fully blooming time is from midweek of the March on-wards. (Haripada Roy)

Cold Hardiness Zone: 8b

Comments and Curiosities


External Links

References

Phonetic spelling of Latin names by edric.

Special thanks to Geoff Stein, (Palmbob) for his hundreds of photos.

Special thanks to Palmweb.org, Dr. John Dransfield, Dr. Bill Baker & team, for their volumes of information and photos.

Glossary of Palm Terms; Based on the glossary in Dransfield, J., N.W. Uhl, C.B. Asmussen-Lange, W.J. Baker, M.M. Harley & C.E. Lewis. 2008. Genera Palmarum - Evolution and Classification of the Palms. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. All images copyright of the artists and photographers (see images for credits).


Many Special Thanks to Ed Vaile for his long hours of tireless editing and numerous contributions.

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