Syagrus oleracea

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Syagrus (sih-AHG-ruhs)
oleracea (ohl-eh-rah-SEH-ah)
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Syagrus oleracea centenaries at Farm Alto do Bonfim, owned by Mr Mecol. Photo by Photo by Mauricio Moreira Caixeta.
Scientific Classification
Genus: Syagrus (sih-AHG-ruhs)
oleracea (ohl-eh-rah-SEH-ah)
None set.
Native Continent
Habit: Solitary
Leaf type: Pinnate
Survivability index
Common names
guariroba, gueiroba, gariroba, palmito-amargoso, catolé, coco-babão, pati-amargoso, coco-amargoso, Bitter Coconut Palm.

Habitat and Distribution

Syagrus oleracea is found in Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil
Syagrus oleracea centenaries at Farm Alto do Bonfim, owned by Mr Mecol. Photo by Photo by Mauricio Moreira Caixeta.
Southeast, Brazil West-Central,occurring in the states of BA to PR, including MS também, GO, MT, TO and MG. And Paraguay.


A fairly large Solitary palm, up to 30-66 feet (5-20 m) tall, stem ringed and grey, crown up to 20 feet in diameter (6 m), leaf; pinnate, 15 to 20 rigid glaucous green leaves, 7 to 12 feet long (2 to 3.6 m). Flower: Flower stalk coming from among the leaves, fibrous sheath of 45-100 cm long, peduncle woody. Fruit: yellowish green, ellipsoid, smooth, 2 inches long (4.0 to 5.5 cm), with mesocarp thick, fleshy, and fibrous. Editing by edric.


Min. Temperature: 28°F (-2°C). Water Requirements: Regular water. Sun Requirements: Full sun.

Comments and Curiosities

"not one of the more ornamental palms-looks more like an anemic queen palm. But some well grown specimens are beefier. Has large seed for a Syagrus. Thin, tall, smooth ringed trunk and plumose long arching leaves. I think this species is from Brazil" (Geoff Stein"), edric.

Uses: Medicinal; for stomach aches, and as an anti-histamine. the heart is eaten, while a bit bitter, the fruit is eaten, as well as used for forage, the trunks are used as fence posts. edric.

External Links


Phonetic spelling of Latin names by edric.

Special thanks to Geoff Stein, (Palmbob) for his hundreds of photos.

Special thanks to, Dr. John Dransfield, Dr. Bill Baker & team, for their volumes of information and photos.

Glossary of Palm Terms; Based on the glossary in Dransfield, J., N.W. Uhl, C.B. Asmussen-Lange, W.J. Baker, M.M. Harley & C.E. Lewis. 2008. Genera Palmarum - Evolution and Classification of the Palms. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. All images copyright of the artists and photographers (see images for credits).

Many Special Thanks to Ed Vaile for his long hours of tireless editing and numerous contributions.

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