Pritchardia schattaueri

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Pritchardia (pritch-AHR-dee-ah) schattaueri (skah-tower'-ee)
Ps09849 orig.jpg
Hawaii, Big Island. Photo by Dr. Eric White
Scientific Classification
Genus: Pritchardia (pritch-AHR-dee-ah)
Species: schattaueri (skah-tower'-ee)
Synonyms
None set.
Native Continent
America
America.gif
Morphology
Habit: Solitary
Leaf type: Costapalmate
Culture
Survivability index
Common names
Hawaiian; Hāwane, Loulu, Noulu, Wāhane.

Habitat and Distribution

Moist forest on gentle slopes, 600-800 m elevation.
Hawaii, Big Island. Photo by Dr. Eric White
Endemic to mixed mesic forests on the southwestern part of Big Island, Hawaii. This beautiful loulu is found from about 1970 to 2625 feet in moist forests on gentle slopes in South Kona, Hawaiʻi Island where fewer than a dozen remain in the wild. (Notes from a presentation to the Hawaii Botanical Society on 11/2/11.)

Description

This species reaches an incredible height of 130 feet (40 m), with a trunk diameter of 1 foot (0.30 m). The 30 or so leaves in the crown, are 5–6 feet (1.5–1.8 m) long and have 6–7-foot (1.8–2.1 m) petioles. It grows at elevations of 2,000 – 2,600 feet (610–790 m), where it receives 2,000 millimetres (79 in.) of rainfall per year. Editing by edric.

To 25 m tall; proximal margins of petiole with abundant fibers; leaf blade slightly undulate, divided 1/3-2/5, abaxial surface incompletely covered with scattered lepidia, segment tips drooping inflorescences composed of 1-4 panicles, shorter than or about equaling petioles, when in flower, and in fruit, panicles branched to 2 orders, rachillae glabrous; fruits 30-50 x 30-40 mm, globose to obovoid. (Hodel, D. 2007)/Palmweb.

Pritchardia schattalleri can be distinguished by its leaf blades incompletely covered abaxially with lepidia and divided to more than one third with pendulous segment tips, inflorescences shorter than or about equaling the petioles, glabrous rachillae and large fruits. It is similar to P. gordonii but the latter differs in having leaf blades with narrower and more deeply bifid segment tips (resulting in the tips appearing more conspicuously pendulous), slightly longer inflorescences equaling or exceeding the petioles in fruit, and oblate fruits. (iucn.org)

Culture

Sunny, moist, but well drained position. Probably the fastest growing of all Pritchardias. Pritchardia seeds have been shown to have a high germination rate and seedlings grow well in the right nutrient, temperature, and light conditions. The outer husk must be removed from the seeds in order for germination to occur. This is most easily achieved by soaking the seeds for at least 24 hours. After removal of the outer husk the seeds can be germinated by placing them in the dark for 4-8 weeks either in a planting medium (such as 3 parts perlite to 2 parts peat moss) or potting soil in seed flats or in zip lock bags. (National Tropical Botanical Garden)

Comments and Curiosities

Conservation: It is threatened by habitat loss. As of 1998 there were 12 individuals remaining in the wild. This is a federally listed endangered species of the United States. (ICUN Redlist)

Short forum discussion HERE


External Links

References

Phonetic spelling of Latin names by edric.

Special thanks to Geoff Stein, (Palmbob) for his hundreds of photos.

Special thanks to Palmweb.org, Dr. John Dransfield, Dr. Bill Baker & team, for their volumes of information and photos.

Glossary of Palm Terms; Based on the glossary in Dransfield, J., N.W. Uhl, C.B. Asmussen-Lange, W.J. Baker, M.M. Harley & C.E. Lewis. 2008. Genera Palmarum - Evolution and Classification of the Palms. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. All images copyright of the artists and photographers (see images for credits).

Hodel, D. 2007.


Many Special Thanks to Ed Vaile for his long hours of tireless editing and numerous contributions.

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