Pritchardia glabrata

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Pritchardia (pritch-AHR-dee-ah)
glabrata (gla-BRAH-tah)
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Iao, Maui, Hawaii. Photo by Jupiter Neilsen
Scientific Classification
Genus: Pritchardia (pritch-AHR-dee-ah)
Species:
glabrata (gla-BRAH-tah)
Synonyms
Old names; P. eiliptica, P. lanaiensis.
Native Continent
America
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Morphology
Habit: Solitary
Leaf type: Costapalmate
Culture
Survivability index
Common names
Hawaiian; Hāwane, Loulu, Noulu, Wāhane.

Habitat and Distribution

Hawaii. Moist forest on Lanai and the southern and southeastern slopes and
Lānaʻi Island, Hawaii. (Cultivated). Photo by Encyclopedia of Life curator Dr. David Eickhoff
valleys of the Puu Kukui massif, West Maui, 300-900 m elevation. (Hodel, D. 2007)/Palmweb.

"Naturally occurring in dry to moist scrubby forest and grasslands on near vertical slopes in the vicinity of Maunalei Gulch on Lānaʻi and in the valleys and groges on the sounthern and southeastern side of Puʻu Kukui, including ʻĪao Valley, West Maui at around 1800 feet." (Encyclopedia of Life curator Dr. David Eickhoff)

The range extension to Lānaʻi is based on a revision of the genus Pritchardia and includes Pritchardia ellipticum and P. lanaiensis, now considered as synonyms of P. glabrata.

Description

To 5 m tall; proximal margins of petiole with only a few fibers; leaf blade undulate, divided 1/2, abaxial surface incompletely covered with scattered lepidia, segment tips stiff to drooping; inflorescences composed of 1-3 panicles, shorter than or equaling petioles in flower and fruit, panicles branched to 2 or 3 orders, rachillae glabrous; fruits 20-30 x 20-2S mm, globose to ellipsoid/Palmweb. Editing by edric.

I could find no reliable characters to separate Pritchardia glabrata from P. eiliptica and P. lanaiensis thus, with the inclusion of these in synonymy, P. glabrata is another of the four Hawaiian species that is recorded from more than one island. Pritchardia glabrata is difficult to distinguish from P. remota and P. waialealeana. All three share the undulate leaf blades incompletely covered abaxially with lepidia and with drooping segment tips, inflorescences shorter than or equaling the petioles with panicles branched to three orders, glabrous rachillae, and small fruits. Both the latter species, however, differ in their generally larger habit. Also, P. remota differs in its slightly waxy glaucous leaf blades while P. waialealeana differs in the lack of cottony hairs or mealy indumentum on the abaxial folds of its leaf blades and the longer-than-wide fruits. The holotype of Pritchardia lanaiensis at FI is unnumbered while the isotype at BISH has a Rock number, probably one that Rock added later to Munro's specimen. Rock not infrequently added his or some other number (perhaps a number from a herbarium numbering system) to other collectors' material/Palmweb.

Culture

Comments and Curiosities


External Links

References

Phonetic spelling of Latin names by edric.

Special thanks to Geoff Stein, (Palmbob) for his hundreds of photos.

Special thanks to Palmweb.org, Dr. John Dransfield, Dr. Bill Baker & team, for their volumes of information and photos.

Glossary of Palm Terms; Based on the glossary in Dransfield, J., N.W. Uhl, C.B. Asmussen-Lange, W.J. Baker, M.M. Harley & C.E. Lewis. 2008. Genera Palmarum - Evolution and Classification of the Palms. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. All images copyright of the artists and photographers (see images for credits).

Hodel, D. 2007.


Many Special Thanks to Ed Vaile for his long hours of tireless editing and numerous contributions.

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