Pinanga dicksonii

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Pinanga (pih-NAHN-gah)
dicksonii (dik-sohn'-ee)
Hawaii. Photo by Geoff Stein
Scientific Classification
Genus: Pinanga (pih-NAHN-gah)
dicksonii (dik-sohn'-ee)
None set.
Native Continent
Habit: Clustering
Leaf type: Pinnate
Survivability index
Common names
Kannada; Kangu, Katadike. Malayalam; Kattupackumaram, Mala-adakka, Kanakamugu, Kattukavungu., Kanakamuka, Kattukuamugu. Tamil; Kaana Kamugu.

Habitat and Distribution

India. Native to the Andaman Islands east of India. Endemic to the Western Ghats
Agumbe, Karnataka, India. Photo by Kalyan Varma
- South and Central Sahyadris. Indian distribution: State - Kerala, District/s: Kollam, Malappuram, Kannur, Palakkad, Thiruvananthapuram, Thrissur, Wayanad, Kasaragode, Kozhikkode, Idukki. Locally common in moist pockets in evergreen forests. Red Sandy Soils.


Slender monoecious palm, with annular leaf scars, up to 5 m tall. Leaves compound, pinnate, to 1.5 m long; sheath to 30 cm long; leaflets to 50 x 3 cm, linear-lanceolate, opposite, apex premorse, glabrous. Inflorescence to 35 cm long. Drupe, ellipsoid; seed ovoid or ellipsoid, ruminate.

Slender clustered palms, 4-6 m high, 6-8 cm in diam. Leaves pinnate, 1-1.3 cm long; leaflets 2-3 united, 30-50 cm long, 2-3 cm wide, toothed margins. Spadix small, at axil below the crown, 4-6 branched, deflexed and drooping. Spathe 1. Flowers unisexual, 3 at a node, middle female and side ones male. Male: Sepals keeled. Petals valvate, 0.2-0.3 cm, ovate lanceolate. Stamens 6. Female: sepals and petals orbicular, 0.1 cm; staminodes 6. Ovary 1-celled; ovule 1. Fruit 0.6-1 x 0.2-0.3 cm, ellipsoid; seed solitary, ellipsoid. (Dr. N Sasidharan (Dr. B P Pal Fellow), Kerala Forest Research Institute, Peechi) Editing by edric.


Fast grower in Florida 10a-up.

"One of the hardiest and most cold-tolerant Pinanga's. Requires a semi-shaded or shaded position with regular water." (Luke Nancarrow)

Comments and Curiosities

"Clustering species from southern India. Has nice golden to pale yellow crownshafts. Supposedly has a modicum of cold hardiness, but not aware of anyone growing this in southern California. Looks a bit like Pinanga elmeri, which does grow here, though. Clusters can be somewhat spread out as plant sometimes spreads via underground stolons. (Geoff Stein)

Even though native to the Andaman Islands east of India, this pretty Pinanga has proven to be one of the most robust and cold tolerant in the Genus. It is a clustering palm with green, ringed trunks to about 5 m (15 ft.) tall and yellow crownshafts. The leaves are light green and have attractive, broad segments. Best suited for the tropical and frost-free warm temperate garden. (

External Links


Phonetic spelling of Latin names by edric.

Special thanks to Geoff Stein, (Palmbob) for his hundreds of photos.

Special thanks to, Dr. John Dransfield, Dr. Bill Baker & team, for their volumes of information and photos.

Glossary of Palm Terms; Based on the glossary in Dransfield, J., N.W. Uhl, C.B. Asmussen-Lange, W.J. Baker, M.M. Harley & C.E. Lewis. 2008. Genera Palmarum - Evolution and Classification of the Palms. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. All images copyright of the artists and photographers (see images for credits).

Many Special Thanks to Ed Vaile for his long hours of tireless editing and numerous contributions.

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