Pholidocarpus majadum

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majadum (mah-JAH-duhm)
P. majadum in habitat, Borneo. Photo by Mike Gray
Scientific Classification
Genus: Pholidocarpus
majadum (mah-JAH-duhm)
None set.
Native Continent
Habit: Solitary
Leaf type: Costapalmate
Survivability index
Common names

Habitat and Distribution

Malaysia. Lowland rainforest, and frehwater swamps in Borneo and Sumatra.
Sarawak Malaysia. Bako National Park. Photo by Jack Sayers


A giant fan palm native to the forests of Borneo. The long petioles are boldly striped with yellow and dark green and are armed with ferocious spines. Old specimens can reach over 15 meters in height. Cultivation recommendations: Requires humid tropical conditions and an abundance of water.

A large, solitary fan palm up to 15 m high. The long petioles are heavily armed, and are boldly striped with yellow and dark green. Editing by edric.


Sunny, very moist position. Doesn't mind poor drainage. Tropical in it's requirements. Cold Hardiness Zone: 10b

Comments and Curiosities

Conservation: Pholidocarpus majadum is a widespread under collected palm, that is endemic to Borneo. While this species does not meet the criteria for a threatened category, it resides within areas and habitats that are presently under considerable pressure. It is said to be under-collected, so more monitoring of this species is needed in order to assign the correct category. If these threats continue it could warrant a threatened category, but considering the wide range, occurrence in some protected areas and relatively recent collections a rating of Least Concern is given.

A large, stately palm to about 15 m (49 ft.) tall, native to lowland rainforests and swamps on the island of Borneo. Pholidocarpus is closely related to Livistona but easily distinguished by its large, scaly seeds. The Kepang Palm is very rare in cultivation but not difficult to grow in the humid tropics. It does particularly well on wet or swampy ground. (

External Links


Phonetic spelling of Latin names by edric.

Special thanks to Geoff Stein, (Palmbob) for his hundreds of photos.

Special thanks to, Dr. John Dransfield, Dr. Bill Baker & team, for their volumes of information and photos.

Glossary of Palm Terms; Based on the glossary in Dransfield, J., N.W. Uhl, C.B. Asmussen-Lange, W.J. Baker, M.M. Harley & C.E. Lewis. 2008. Genera Palmarum - Evolution and Classification of the Palms. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. All images copyright of the artists and photographers (see images for credits).

Many Special Thanks to Ed Vaile for his long hours of tireless editing and numerous contributions.

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