Livistona drudei

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Livistona (liv-iss-TOH-nah)
drudei (drood'-eh)
Huntington Gardens, Pasadena California. Photo by Geoff Stein
Scientific Classification
Genus: Livistona (liv-iss-TOH-nah)
drudei (drood'-eh)
None set.
Native Continent
Habit: Solitary
Leaf type: Costapalmate
Survivability index
Common names
Halifax Fan Palm

Habitat and Distribution

Australia. Queensland. Coastal and near-coastal areas between Kurrimine Beach and Townsville, and with a disjunction to Conway Ra. near Proserpine. Grows on the landward side of mangroves, in foredune swales, open forest and swamp forest on coastal plains and along the margins of streams and estuaries at low elevations, 0-100 m alt. (Dowe, J.L.)/Palmweb.

North East Queensland, Australia. Photo by Dr. John Leslie Dowe.


Functionally dioecious palm. Trunk to 28 m tall, 15-20 cm in diameter, breast high, leaf scars narrow, pale grey; internodes broad. Leaves 30-60 in a globose or conical crown; petiole 150-230 cm long, 15-25 mm wide, adaxially ridged, purple in basal portion, green distally, margins with single, curved reddish spines larger and closer in the proximal portion; leaf-base fibres moderately prominent, coarse, persistent; lamina costapalmate, regularly segmented, ± circular, 100-150 cm long, coriaceous, adaxially dark green, abaxially lighter green, glossy; lamina divided for 60-70% of its length, with 60-84 segments, depth of apical cleft about 60% of the segment length, apical lobes attenuate, pendulous; parallel veins 7 each side of midrib; transverse veins thinner than parallel veins. Inflorescences unbranched at the base, not sexually dimorphic, 150-300 cm long, not extending beyond the limit of the crown, branched to 3 orders; 7-8 partial inflorescences; peduncle subterete, 15-25 mm in diam.; prophyll glabrous; peduncular bract 1, tightly tubular, glabrous; rachis bracts tightly tubular, glabrous, apices with acuminate lobes; rachillae 1-8 cm long, pubescent. Flowers solitary or in clusters of 2-5, funnel-shaped, 1.7-2.2 mm long, cream to yellow; sepals narrowly triangular, 1.3-1.5 mm long, fleshy, subacute; petals broadly ovate, 1.7-2 mm long, fleshy, apexthickened; stamens about 1.5 mm long. Fruit globose to pyriform, 10-12 mm long, 10-11 mm in diam., semi-glossy purple-black; epicarp with scattered lenticellular pores; suture line extends for about ½ length of fruit, marked with lip-like structures; mesocarp thin, fibrous; endocarp thin, brittle; pedicel 1-2 mm long. Seed ellipsoid, 8-9 mm long. Eophyll 5-ribbed. (Dowe, J.L.)/Palmweb.


Sunny, moist position. Fast growing. Hardiness: zone, 9b

Comments and Curiosities

External Links


Phonetic spelling of Latin names by edric.

Special thanks to Geoff Stein, (Palmbob) for his hundreds of photos.

Special thanks to, Dr. John Dransfield, Dr. Bill Baker & team, for their volumes of information and photos.

Glossary of Palm Terms; Based on the glossary in Dransfield, J., N.W. Uhl, C.B. Asmussen-Lange, W.J. Baker, M.M. Harley & C.E. Lewis. 2008. Genera Palmarum - Evolution and Classification of the Palms. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. All images copyright of the artists and photographers (see images for credits).

Dowe, J.L., A taxonomic account of Livistona R.Br. (Arecaceae). A taxonomic account of Livistona R.Br. (Arecaceae).

Many Special Thanks to Ed Vaile for his long hours of tireless editing and numerous contributions.

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