Licuala tiomanensis

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Licuala (lik-oo-AH-lah)
tiomanensis (tee-oh-mah-NEN-sis)
Photo-Malaysian Biological Diversity
Scientific Classification
Genus: Licuala (lik-oo-AH-lah)
tiomanensis (tee-oh-mah-NEN-sis)
None set.
Native Continent
Habit: Solitary
Leaf type: Costapalmate
Survivability index
Common names
Red Tioman Fan Palm

Habitat and Distribution

MALAY PENINSULA: Pahang, Bukit Kajang in
Photo-Rare Palm
insula Tioman, alt. 3,300 ft.


This species resembles L. Ridleyana, L. peninsularis, etc. in having simple branches to the spadix, but in the characters of the flowers it is easily confused with L. modesta. Unfortunately L. tiomanensis is known only from a single specimen containing only one leaf which may not be typical of the species. Fruits are not known. collected also on Gunong Kajang in Pulau Tioman at an alt. 2,500 .ft. seems to belong here, but no flowers are present in the Singapore herbarium, though from the collector's notes it appears that the flowers were present in the collection. The petiole is very much longer in this specimen and may have been over 3% feet long; the partial inflorescences arise very high above the apex of the spathes. The collector notes that the plant which supplied this specimen is 15-20 feet in height. ( (1940) Editing by edric.


Tropical Moist Forest, Cold Hardiness Zone: 10b

Comments and Curiosities

This rare palm, rather small, is native only in the forests of the rugged peaks of Tioman Island, east of Peninsular Malaysia, where it grows around 1000 m. It has a slender trunk, lonely and has leaves with long stems, fan-shaped, blue gray on the underside and shaped by wide segments, with a variable width. His long, slender stalks represent one of its most notable features and range in color from yellow to deep red. In cultivation, it is ideal for tropical and warm temperate climates, frost. (

External Links


Phonetic spelling of Latin names by edric.

Special thanks to Geoff Stein, (Palmbob) for his hundreds of photos.

Special thanks to, Dr. John Dransfield, Dr. Bill Baker & team, for their volumes of information and photos.

Glossary of Palm Terms; Based on the glossary in Dransfield, J., N.W. Uhl, C.B. Asmussen-Lange, W.J. Baker, M.M. Harley & C.E. Lewis. 2008. Genera Palmarum - Evolution and Classification of the Palms. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. All images copyright of the artists and photographers (see images for credits).

Many Special Thanks to Ed Vaile for his long hours of tireless editing and numerous contributions.

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