Geonoma baculifera

From Palmpedia - Palm Grower's Guide
Jump to: navigation, search
Geonoma (geo-NO-mah)
baculifera (bah-koo-lih-FEHR-ah)
Geonoma baculifera fruits Camp Cisame Approuague (5).JPG
French Guiana. Camp Cisame Approuague. Photo by Pierre-Olivier ALBANO.
Scientific Classification
Genus: Geonoma (geo-NO-mah)
Species:
baculifera (bah-koo-lih-FEHR-ah)
Synonyms
None set.
Native Continent
America
America.gif
Morphology
Habit: Solitary & clustering.
Leaf type: Pinnate
Culture
Survivability index
Common names
Tasi palm (local name), Ringed Geonoma Palm. 'ubim' palm.

Habitat and Distribution

Brazil North, Colombia, French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, and Venezuela. From 6°50'N-7°47'S and 45°30'-66°45'W in the central and northeastern Amazon region of Brazil, the Guianas, and Venezuela at 192 (7-725) m elevation in lowland rainforest.
French Guiana. Chutes Voltaires St Laurent. Photo by Pierre-Olivier ALBANO.
Galeano and Bernal (2010) report this species from extreme eastern Colombia in Amazonas and Guainía. (Henderson, A.J. 2011)/Palmweb.

Description

Palm 2.3 (0.5-6.0) m tall; stems 1.6 (1.0-2.5) m tall, 1.6 (1.3-2.3) cm in diameter, solitary or clustered, canelike; internodes 4.1 (1.4-9.3) cm long, yellowish and smooth. Leaves 9 (6-11) per stem, undivided or irregularly pinnate, not plicate, bases of blades running diagonally into the rachis; sheaths 17.7 (11.0-30.0) cm long; petioles 18.0 (6.5-30.0) cm long, drying green or yellowish; rachis 56.2 (39.5?80.0) cm long, 4.2 (2.6-7.2) mm in diameter; veins raised and rectangular in cross-section adaxially; pinnae 2 (1-10) per side of rachis; basal pinna 55.4 (42.0-76.0) cm long, 17.2(6.7-33.0) cm wide, forming an angle of 20 (12-28)° with the rachis; apical pinna 28.8(14.0-39.5) cm long, 19.5(12.5-40.0) cm wide, forming an angle of 25 (20-35)° with the rachis. Inflorescences branched 1-2 orders; prophylls and peduncular bracts not ribbed with elongate, unbranched fibers, flattened, persistent; prophylls 24.2 (12.7-33.0) cm long, not short and asymmetrically apiculate, the surfaces ridged with close, equal, parallel, non-dividing ridges, scarcely tomentose between the ridges, without unequally wide ridges; peduncular bracts 23.6 (13.5-31.0) cm long, well-developed, inserted 2.8(1.2-7.0) cm above the prophyll; peduncles 29.1 (13.3-44.2) cm long, 4.0 (2.1-8.4) mm in diameter; rachillae 6(3-11), 16.7 (4.0-31.0) cm long, 3.2 (2.2-4.3) mm in diameter, the surfaces without spiky, fibrous projections or ridges, drying brown, with faint to pronounced, short, transverse ridges, not filiform and not narrowed between the flower pits; flower pits spirally arranged, glabrous internally; proximal lips without a central notch before anthesis, not recurved after anthesis, not hood-shaped; proximal and distal lips drying the same color as the rachillae, not joined to form a raised cupule, the proximal lip margins overlapping the distal lip margins; distal lips well-developed; staminate and pistillate petals not emergent, not valvate throughout; staminate flowers deciduous after anthesis; stamens 6; thecae diverging at anthesis, inserted almost directly onto the filament apices, the connectives bifid but scarcely developed; anthers short and curled over at anthesis; non-fertilized pistillate flowers persistent after anthesis; staminodial tubes crenulate at the apex, those of non-fertilized flowers projecting and persistent after anthesis; fruits 10.6 (8.2-12.8) mm long, 7.8 (6.1-9.6) mm in diameter, the bases with a prominent, asymmetric stipe, the apices not conical, the surfaces not splitting at maturity, with fibers emerging to give spiny fruits, not bumpy, not apiculate; locular epidermis with operculum, smooth, with pores. (Henderson, A.J. 2011)/Palmweb. Editing by edric.

Taxonomic notes: Geonoma baculifera is closely related to G. congesta and G. calyptrogynoidea. These three species all have the staminodial tubes of non-fertilized pistillate flowers projecting and persistent after anthesis. Geonoma baculifera differs from its two relatives in its rachillae surfaces with faint to pronounced, short, transverse ridges, and fruit surfaces without fibers emerging. (Henderson, A.J. 2011)/Palmweb.

Subspecific variation: Two traits (stem branching, leaf division) vary within this species. There is no evidence of geographic discontinuity, although there are a few outlying specimens from the central Amazon region. (Henderson, A.J. 2011)/Palmweb.

Culture

Warm, sheltered, and moist. Likes high humidity. Hardiness: USDA zone: 10a.

Comments and Curiosities

Uses: The leaves are used by the locals for roofing on their huts.


External Links

References

Phonetic spelling of Latin names by edric.

Special thanks to Geoff Stein, (Palmbob) for his hundreds of photos.

Special thanks to Palmweb.org, Dr. John Dransfield, Dr. Bill Baker & team, for their volumes of information and photos.

Glossary of Palm Terms; Based on the glossary in Dransfield, J., N.W. Uhl, C.B. Asmussen-Lange, W.J. Baker, M.M. Harley & C.E. Lewis. 2008. Genera Palmarum - Evolution and Classification of the Palms. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. All images copyright of the artists and photographers (see images for credits).

Henderson, A.J. 2011. A revision of Geonoma. Magnolia Press.


Many Special Thanks to Ed Vaile for his long hours of tireless editing and numerous contributions.

Banner1B
Back to Palm Encyclopedia


Retrieved from "http://palmpedia.net/wiki/index.php5?title=Geonoma_baculifera&oldid=133016"