| Dypsis (DIP-sis) |
In habitat. Photo-Rare Palm Seeds.com
Habitat and Distribution
Madagascar; Tsaratanana. Montane forest; about 1500 m. (J. Dransfield and H. Beentje. 1995)
Clustering palm to 1 m tall. STEMS < 4 mm in diam. LEAVES about 5 in the crown; leaf sheath 7-9 cm long, proximally glabrous, distally with patches of reddish indument, with small triangular auricles 2-5 mm high; petiole 2.5-5 cm long, about 2 mm in diam., with scattered scales; rachis 16-27 cm long, in mid-leaf about 2 mm wide, with scattered scales; leaflets 3-5 on each side of the rachis, the proximal 10-13 x 0.9-2 cm, median 11-16 x 1.5-2.4 cm, distal pair forming a flabellum 16-22 cm long, connate for 7-8 cm, leaflet interval 1-3 cm, but usually with a large gap just below the terminal flabellum, with scattered scales on the abaxial surface, main veins 1, to 7 on the terminal flabellum. INFLORESCENCE interfoliar, unbranched; peduncle 23-27 cm long, densely scaly; prophyll 10-12 cm long, 3-5 mm wide, open only near the apex; peduncular bract inserted at 4.5-13 cm from the base of the peduncle, 7.5-15 cm long, split in the distal 5-9 cm; rachilla 10-14 cm long, 1-2 mm in diam., densely stellate-puberulous, with distant triads. STAMINATE FLOWERS with sepals 0.5-0.7 x 0.4-0.6 mm; petals 1-2 x 0.5-1.2 mm; stamens 6, equal, the filaments about 0.5-0.8 mm long, flattened, anthers 0.6-0.7 x 0.4-0.6 mm, dorsifixed; pistillode 0.7-0.9 x 0.2-0.3 mm, slender and conical. PISTILLATE FLOWERS with sepals 0.5-0.7 x 0.6-0.7 mm; petals 2-2.2 x 1.4-1.5 mm; staminodes about 0.2 mm; gynoecium about 1.6-1.7 x 1.4-1.7 mm. FRUIT unknown. (J. Dransfield and H. Beentje. 1995)/Palmweb. Editing by edric.
Cold Hardiness Zone: 10a
Comments and Curiosities
A rare small palm from the high mountains (hence the name). This species slightly resembles D. occidentalis, which occurs in the same area. (J. Dransfield and H. Beentje. 1995)/Palmweb.
Conservation: Unclear. Known from a single site only, but the Tsaratanana is not well known botanically. (J. Dransfield and H. Beentje. 1995)/Palmweb.
- Glossary of Palm Terms
- MODERN BOTANICAL LATIN
- "Just To Be Clear"
Phonetic spelling of Latin names by edric.
Special thanks to Geoff Stein, (Palmbob) for his hundreds of photos.
Special thanks to Palmweb.org, Dr. John Dransfield, Dr. Bill Baker & team, for their volumes of information and photos.
Glossary of Palm Terms; Based on the glossary in Dransfield, J., N.W. Uhl, C.B. Asmussen-Lange, W.J. Baker, M.M. Harley & C.E. Lewis. 2008. Genera Palmarum - Evolution and Classification of the Palms. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. All images copyright of the artists and photographers (see images for credits).
Dransfield, J. & Beentje, H. 1995. The Palms of Madagascar. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew and The International Palm Society.
Many Special Thanks to Ed Vaile for his long hours of tireless editing and numerous contributions.