Dypsis minuta

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Dypsis (DIP-sis)
minuta (mih-NOOT-ah)
Minuta.jpg
Photo by Clayton York, Utopia Palms & Cycads
Scientific Classification
Genus: Dypsis (DIP-sis)
Species:
minuta (mih-NOOT-ah)
Synonyms
None set.
Native Continent
Africa
Africa.gif
Morphology
Habit: Solitary
Leaf type: Pinnate
Culture
Survivability index
Common names
None.

Habitat and Distribution

Endemic to Madagascar. Masoala and Maroantsetra. Lowland rain forest;
Philippines. Photo by Gene Brace
ridgetops; alt. 200-550 m.

Description

Solitary palm, stem 15-50 cm. STEMS to 5 mm in diam.; internodes about 1-2 cm, densely rusty-red hairy; nodal scars 0.2 mm. LEAVES 5-8 in the crown, entire or with several leaflets (fide JD6371, but not apparent from collection); sheath 6-9 cm long, half open, densely red-pubescent, with long-laciniate auricles to 1 cm; petiole 3-18 cm long, 1.5-2 mm in diam., densely scaly; lamina entire, 19.5-33 cm long, bright greyish green, midrib 4.5-6 cm, lobes 16-26 x 1.3-2.5 cm, main veins 4-6, with minute reddish scattered scales on major and minor veins, white wax present? or white-punctate, apices narrowly dentate, 2- 4 mm wide. INFLORESCENCE interfoliar, unbranched (a single bifid rachilla present in JD6457), erect to spreading; peduncle 6-19 cm; prophyll 7-15 cm, pale brown, open in the distal 1 cm; peduncular bract inserted at 6-11.5 cm from the base of the peduncle, 3-12 cm long, glabrous or with scattered scales, open for most of its length; non-tubular peduncular bract often present, 1.5-2 mm long; rachilla 4- 12 cm long, 1-2 mm in diam., minutely puberulous or glabrous, with distant triads. STAMINATE FLOWERS with sepals 0.7-0.9 x 1-1.9 mm, ciliolate; petals 1.7-2 x 1.1-1.2 mm; stamens 6, uniseriate, filaments 1-1.2 mm, anthers 1.3-1.4 x 0.4 mm, versatile; pistillode about 1 x 0.3 mm. PISTILLATE FLOWERS white; sepals 0.6-1.2 x 1-1.5 mm, ciliolate; petals 1.8-2.5 x 1.5-1.8 mm; staminodes 0.3-0.4 mm; gynoecium on a 0.2 mm stalk, 1.7-2.3 x 1.2-2 mm. FRUIT when young 11-12 x 2-3 mm. (J. Dransfield and H. Beentje. 1995)/Palmweb. Editing by edric.

Very similar to D. coriacea but differs in the pubescent leaf sheath, the curved (not erect) inflorescence and the less leathery leaf, at least when fresh. (J. Dransfield and H. Beentje. 1995)/Palmweb.

Culture

Warm, sheltered and moist.

Comments and Curiosities

The name of this exquisite little palm, which is resticted in its distribution, indicates its size; it is a tiny solitary palm, one of the smallest on the island. (J. Dransfield and H. Beentje. 1995)/Palmweb.

Conservation: Vulnerable. Occurs over a restricted distribution area, without official protection; numbers are thought to be fairly low. (J. Dransfield and H. Beentje. 1995)/Palmweb.


External Links

References

Phonetic spelling of Latin names by edric.

Special thanks to Geoff Stein, (Palmbob) for his hundreds of photos.

Special thanks to Palmweb.org, Dr. John Dransfield, Dr. Bill Baker & team, for their volumes of information and photos.

Glossary of Palm Terms; Based on the glossary in Dransfield, J., N.W. Uhl, C.B. Asmussen-Lange, W.J. Baker, M.M. Harley & C.E. Lewis. 2008. Genera Palmarum - Evolution and Classification of the Palms. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. All images copyright of the artists and photographers (see images for credits).

Dransfield, J. & Beentje, H. 1995. The Palms of Madagascar. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew and The International Palm Society.
Many Special Thanks to Ed Vaile for his long hours of tireless editing and numerous contributions.

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