| Dypsis (DIP-sis) |
Mt Warning Caldera. Nth NSW Australia. Photo by Pete.
Habitat and DistributionEndemic to Madagascar. Only known from the Manongarivo area and from near
The species canaliculata is still a mystery. It has not been verified in habitat, and botanists on there journeys have not encountered it since 1951, and the flowers are unknown to science. The two collections made so far are far apart geographically, but seem to belong to the same taxon. The name was given to indicate that the leaf rachis is channelled in its lower half, but this is not so exceptional as D. tokoravina, and most of the madagascariensis complex have the same trait, here are photos of what is now believed to be D. canaliculata rediscovered, if so then the value of these specimens, cannot be matched by any da Vinci, or Renoir painting. Editing by edric.Solitary palm. TRUNK 10-15 m high, 30-40 cm. in diam.; nodal scars very visible. LEAVES with sheath about 1 m long, glabrous, whitish-green and waxy; petiole absent; rachis 3-4 m long (fide Perrier) or about 6 m (fide Cours), in mid-leaf 2.5-3.5 cm wide, waxy, channelled adaxially at least proximally, rounded abaxially; pinnae bright green, grouped and fanned within the groups, the group interval 2-3 cm, very many, not stiff, interval 0.2-1.3 cm, proximal not seen, median 75-116 x 2.6-3.1 cm, distal to 13-30 x 0.3-0.8 cm, glaucous, with many ramenta proximally, the ramenta bifid, to 2 mm long, 2-3 mm high, and with minute reddish scales over the entire abaxial surface, main vein 1, apex unequally attenuate. INFLORESCENCE infrafoliar, branched to 2 orders, short and pendulous; parts seen include first (?) order branches with a glabrous rachis of up to 20 cm, proximally up to 1.7 x 0.8 cm. in diam., with up to 8 rachillae; rachillae 35-48 cm long, 5-6 mm. in diam., glabrous, waxy, with distant triads in pits, the rachilla bracts proud, rounded or obtuse. STAMINATE FLOWERS unknown. PISTILLATE FLOWERS unknown.
|FRUIT ellipsoid or rounded, 25-30 x 17-21 mm when dry. SEED sub globose, 15-21 x 12-16 mm; endosperm deeply and densely ruminate. Editing by edric. (J. Dransfield and H. Beentje. 1995)/Palmweb.
The protologue states the type is Perrier 1541, but this is changed in the Flora to 15413 (which is correct). The type at P is currently without fruit or flowers. In the protologue there are the following data not on the type label: trunk green, 10-15 m high, 30-40 cm. in diam. Leaves 3-4 m long; sheath green, glabrous; petiole absent, rachis 2.5 cm wide; pinnae irregularly grouped (group interval about 2 cm), distal 30 x 0.7-0.8 cm. Inflorescence branched to 2 orders; rachillae about 50 cm. This taxon resembles D. bejofo, but is distinct in the almost continuous ramenta on the midrib and the scattered scales, and by the absence of a petiole. The Cours specimen is rather poor, and is included with some doubt. The fruit in this specimen has densely and irregularly ruminate endosperm, distinct from that of D. bejofo. (J. Dransfield and H. Beentje. 1995)/Palmweb. Editing by edric.
Cold Hardiness Zone: 10a
Comments and Curiosities
This species is something of a mystery. It has not been found since 1951, and the flowers are unknown to science. The two collections made so far are far apart geographically, but seem to belong to the same taxon. The name was given to indicate that the leaf rachis is channelled in its lower half, but this is not so exceptional as Jumelle seemed to think! (J. Dransfield and H. Beentje. 1995)/Palmweb.
Conservation: Possibly extinct; not seen since 1951.
Uses: Palm-heart bitter, said to be poisonous by some.
This is a tillering palm, it exhibits saxophone style root growth (it has a heel), keep top third of heel above soil elevation!
- Glossary of Palm Terms
- MODERN BOTANICAL LATIN
- "Just To Be Clear"
- THE SAXOPHONE STYLE ROOT GROWTH (HEEL)
Phonetic spelling of Latin names by edric.
Special thanks to Geoff Stein, (Palmbob) for his hundreds of photos.
Special thanks to Palmweb.org, Dr. John Dransfield, Dr. Bill Baker & team, for their volumes of information and photos.
Glossary of Palm Terms; Based on the glossary in Dransfield, J., N.W. Uhl, C.B. Asmussen-Lange, W.J. Baker, M.M. Harley & C.E. Lewis. 2008. Genera Palmarum - Evolution and Classification of the Palms. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. All images copyright of the artists and photographers (see images for credits).
Dransfield, J. & Beentje, H. 1995. The Palms of Madagascar. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew and The International Palm Society.
Many Special Thanks to Ed Vaile for his long hours of tireless editing and numerous contributions.