Corypha utan

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Corypha (kohr-EE-fah)
utan (OO-tahn)
P070302.jpg
Photo by Geoff Stein.
Scientific Classification
Genus: Corypha (kohr-EE-fah)
Species:
utan (OO-tahn)
Synonyms
Corypha elata
Native Continent
Asia
Asia.gif
Morphology
Habit: Solitary
Leaf type: Costapalmate
Culture
Survivability index
Common names
Kennedy Palm, Gebang palm, Buri palm

Habitat and Distribution

Corypha utan is found along rivers, wetlands, watercourses, floodplains and grasslands,
Thailand. Photo by Daryl O'Connor.
found in, Andaman Is., Assam, Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, India, Jawa, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Malaya, Maluku, Myanmar, New Guinea, Northern Territory, Philippines, Queensland, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Thailand, and Vietnam.

Description

Trunk 10-30 m. tall, 35-100 cm. in diameter; grey and covered in persistent leaf bases in the upper part in a typical spiral pattern. No crownshaft. Leaves costapalmate, pleated, 4-6 m. long, lamina 2.36-3.0 m. wide, and divided into 80-100 very deep segments, 160 x 8 cm., greyish green to blueish green, tapering to a short, forked, pointed apex, each lobe with a single midrib; ligule 1.5-2 cm. above apex of the petiole; petiole 2-4 m. long, channelled above with black margins and armed for the entire length with 0.3-2 cm. long straight, stout spines. Flowers: Inflorescence a terminal panicle 2-5 m. tall, with up to 1 million yellowish to white bisexual flowers, having an unpleasant odour. Flowers 3-8 mm. in diameter with 3 sepals and 3 petals in clusters of 5-10 in regular spirals along the 15-40 cm. long branchlets of the inflorescence. Plants flower only after 30-60 years and then die (monocarpic). Fruit: Olive green to brownish, globu;lar, 15-30 mm. in diameter. Takes average 18 months to ripen. Seed spherical and 12-20 mm. in diameter. Editing by edric.

Culture

Full sun, and lots of water. Tropical to warm temperate. Slow growing, and doesn't like being disturbed once planted. In the U.S. south Florida, and Hawaii only. Cold Hardiness Zone: 10a

Comments and Curiosities

This is amonocarpic genus.

Uses: The sugary sap, obtained by tapping the palm top and inflorescences, is made into wine, sugar, alcohol, or vinegar. The adult leaves are used for roof thatching, manufacturing of mats and umbrellas, especially the midribs of the leaves for furniture making and constructions of interior house walls. The fibres or cutted strips, obtained from the young unfolded leaves are used in the manufacture of nets, bags, mats, sails, baskets, string, ropes, hats, cloth, and fancy articles. The terminal bud is eaten as a vegetable (palm cabbage). The young cooked fruits are consumed as sweetmeats. The hard seeds are made into rosaries, necklaces and buttons. In times of scarcity starch is extracted from the stem.

This palm is truly gigantic in all its parts! Its massive grey trunk reaches to 30 m (100 ft.) tall, and its enormous crown, spanning approximately 8 m (27 ft.) in diameter, is formed by about 30 huge, dark green leaves that are 3 m (10 ft.) in diameter, large enough to easily shelter more than ten people from the rain. The terminal inflorescence, which is formed after 50 to 80 years of vegetative growth, holds the record of being the world's largest flowering structure and produces literally millions of flowers and tens of thousands of seeds. It will ultimately end the life of the tree once the fruit have matured. Its native range extends all over tropical Asia and down to northern Australia. In cultivation, it does best in a hot, tropical climate and is one of the most breathtaking landscape trees available for large parks and gardens. (RPS.com)


External Links

References

Phonetic spelling of Latin names by edric.

Special thanks to Geoff Stein, (Palmbob) for his hundreds of photos.

Special thanks to Palmweb.org, Dr. John Dransfield, Dr. Bill Baker & team, for their volumes of information and photos.

Glossary of Palm Terms; Based on the glossary in Dransfield, J., N.W. Uhl, C.B. Asmussen-Lange, W.J. Baker, M.M. Harley & C.E. Lewis. 2008. Genera Palmarum - Evolution and Classification of the Palms. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. All images copyright of the artists and photographers (see images for credits).


Many Special Thanks to Ed Vaile for his long hours of tireless editing and numerous contributions.

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