Cocos nucifera var. 'Malayan dwarf'

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Cocos (KOH-kohs)
nucifera (noo-SIFF-ehr-ah)
var. 'Malayan Dwarf'
Z3692612193 becf2e21d8malayyellowdwarfz.jpg
Malayan Yellow hybrid dwarf.
Scientific Classification
Genus: Cocos (KOH-kohs)
Species:
nucifera (noo-SIFF-ehr-ah)
var. 'Malayan Dwarf'
Synonyms
None set.
Native Continent
America
America.gif
Morphology
Habit: Solitary
Leaf type: Pinnate
Culture
Survivability index
Common names
None.


Habitat and Distribution

Cultivar.
Likas, Sabah, Malaysia. Near the carpark of St. Simon's Church in Likas. Photo by Jason Thien.

Description

A considerably taller dwarf than var. spicata.

Culture

Like all coconut variety's, it can only be grown in areas where temperatures above 40 degrees F. are maintained, this genus stops producing Chlorophyll below that temperature.

Dwarf Coconut Palms are best planted below ground level to encourage a deep, low root base which increases stability, and keeps fruits at a low level for a longer period of time. Dwarf Coconuts do not form a large bole at the base of the trunk, making them less resistant to strong winds than the tall variety. Prepare your planting site; or pit, well. Add lots of rich, organic matter, and use a pit which can be mulched heavily.

Sandy soils are generally preferred, but not essential if a good pit is dug. Good drainage is crucial, as is fertiliser for good growth. Feed your palms regularly with a good quality NPK fertiliser, in proportions similar to 8N:1P:16K. NPK ratings are available on all fertiliser packaging. Avoid planting your coconut palm during the peak of the wet season if you are in the tropics, and provide shade for your seedlings for the first few years. Protection from livestock may also be required. There is no need to bury the coconut, just keep adding lots of mulch and water. Editing by edric.

Comments and Curiosities

This is a monotypic genus, despite all of its variations.

Other varieties include the Spicata dwarf; which has stalk-less fruit, attached straight to the branches, the Village dwarfs; very compact and small enough to grow in containers, the Malayan Yellow dwarf with beautiful light flavoured fruits, and the Giant Green dwarf with a full size crown, but compact trunk. Both the Malayan and Spicata dwarf come in various colours such as Green, Golden, Red & Yellow, and these colours mainly refer to the fruit colour, or ornamental value. Up to now, the best known Coconut Palm was the tall variety. This tall variety represents the majority in commercial production; due to a higher copra yield. Copra is the meat; or kernel, of the coconut, which an approximate composition of Oil (64%), Sugars (16%), Protein (7%), Water (6%), Fibre (5%), and Minerals (2%). Copra is used to produce coconut oil. Tall Coconuts also generally have a longer life span, with and expected 80-120 years, in comparison to 40-60 years for dwarves. Dwarf Coconuts may be a more suitable solution for backyards around Australia. They are generally precocious, meaning they mature very early, with a much slower growth rate. In comparison to the expected 30 m+ for a tall coconut, the slow growth and smaller overall proportions of the dwarf coconut are well worth considering.


External Links

References

Phonetic spelling of Latin names by edric.

Special thanks to Geoff Stein, (Palmbob) for his hundreds of photos.

Special thanks to Palmweb.org, Dr. John Dransfield, Dr. Bill Baker & team, for their volumes of information and photos.

Glossary of Palm Terms; Based on the glossary in Dransfield, J., N.W. Uhl, C.B. Asmussen-Lange, W.J. Baker, M.M. Harley & C.E. Lewis. 2008. Genera Palmarum - Evolution and Classification of the Palms. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. All images copyright of the artists and photographers (see images for credits).


Many Special Thanks to Ed Vaile for his long hours of tireless editing and numerous contributions.

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