Coccothrinax moaensis

From Palmpedia - Palm Grower's Guide
Jump to: navigation, search
Coccothrinax (koh-koh-TRIH-naks)
moaensis (moh-EHN-sis)
Moaensis02z.jpg
Maguana, Cuba, Photo by Carlo Morici.
Scientific Classification
Genus: Coccothrinax (koh-koh-TRIH-naks)
Species:
moaensis (moh-EHN-sis)
Synonyms
Coccothrinax yuraguana. (Pre-1981)
Native Continent
America
America.gif
Morphology
Habit: Solitary
Leaf type: Palmate
Culture
Survivability index
Common names
None.

Habitat and Distribution

Coccothrinax moaensis is native to Cuba, where it occurs only in the region of Moa in S.E.
Quemado del Negro, Cuba, Photo by Carlo Morici.
Cuba. "The land of Moa" as it is called by some naturalists, is a very peculiar area from a botanical point of view. Its soils are derived from very old serpentine rocks, and they are "extreme" in that they are naturally loaded with lots of metals and unusual elements. This palm is mainly found at lower elevations and even not too far from the coastline. Its distribution extends south to Maguana (Prov. of Guantánamo) and also inland, while the species clearly follows the patches of serpentine soils. The area is rainy (1.500-2.200 mm/year) and hot (27-28° C as average annual temperature). According to the different localities, Coccothrinax moaensis can be found growing together with other endemic palms, such as Bactris cubensis, Thrinax rivularis, Copernicia rigida and others. (Carlo Morici)

Description

This small palm was described in 1971 by the Hungarian and Cuban botanists A. Borhidi and O. Muñiz, and it was one of the first of many species described by these men in Eastern Cuba. It was originally considered a subspecies of Coccothrinax yuraguana but later, in 1981 Muñiz, decided to give it specific rank and called it C. moaensis. Trunk type: Solitary, Coccothrinax moaensis is a medium sized Coccothrinax, and one of the slowest growing Coccothrinax, spineless in all its parts.

The especially thick leaves are orbicular and the palman (the undivided part of a palmate leaf between the petiole and segments of the blade, of particular pertinence to leaves of fan palms) is characteristic in being small, so the deeply divided segments form an eye-catching pinwheel. The fibre sheaths are often swollen in the middle, giving the trunk a pleasant "bumpy" appearance. Inflorescences and infructescences are short, curved, and they eventually hang with fleshy purple fruits. {Carlo Morici) Editing by edric.

Culture

Requirements: Full sun, fair to moderate water, well drained position. Hardiness, USDA zones 10a-11.

Comments and Curiosities


External Links

References

Phonetic spelling of Latin names by edric.

Special thanks to Geoff Stein, (Palmbob) for his hundreds of photos.

Special thanks to Palmweb.org, Dr. John Dransfield, Dr. Bill Baker & team, for their volumes of information and photos.

Glossary of Palm Terms; Based on the glossary in Dransfield, J., N.W. Uhl, C.B. Asmussen-Lange, W.J. Baker, M.M. Harley & C.E. Lewis. 2008. Genera Palmarum - Evolution and Classification of the Palms. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. All images copyright of the artists and photographers (see images for credits).


Many Special Thanks to Ed Vaile for his long hours of tireless editing and numerous contributions.

Banner1B
Back to Palm Encyclopedia