Clinosperma lanuginosa

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Clinosperma (klih-no-SPURM-ah)
lanuginosa (lah-noo-jih-NO-sah)
4480854660 54788b6e71 o.jpg
At 700 m. altitude on Mt Panié, New Caledonia. Photo by Bryan, edric.
Scientific Classification
Genus: Clinosperma (klih-no-SPURM-ah)
lanuginosa (lah-noo-jih-NO-sah)
Brogniartiakentia lanuginosa
Native Continent
Habit: Solitary
Leaf type: Pinnate
Survivability index
Common names

Habitat and Distribution

Clinosperma lanuginosa is found in the rainforests, of New Caledonia. This species is
On Mt Panié at 700 m. altitude, in species-rich, high-rainfall forest - New Caledonia. The tall thin trunked palm at the rear on the right is Basselinia gracilis. Photo by Bryan.
present in the North East of the Grande Terre (the main island) only. An Undergrowth of the rainforest palm, found in deep sedimentary substrate (mica).


Small palm, 1.5 - 6 m. (20 ft.) high; 8 to 10 cm. in diam. it has a brown trunk, heavily scarred by old peduncle bearing the inflorescence, which arise significantly below the crownshaft. Spread: To approx. 10 Ft. Leaf detail: Pinnately compound, erect, with wide leaflets. Crown holds around five leaves, fairly erect, dark green, regularly pinnate, 1.30 - 1.50 m. long, with a petiole 60 cm. long, green, covered with a brown woolly tomentum sheath 40 - 50 cm. long, peninsula 'completely cut away from the petiole, entirely covered outside by a dark brown woolly tomentum. Phenology: Inflorescences 3 or 4, very horizontal, then curving upward between the leaves at anthesis, with a compressed peduncle, angular section with numerous erect, radiating rachillae. Fruits ovoid or ellipsoid, 2 - 2.5 x 0.9 to 1.2 cm., black at maturity, with a rather basal, stigmatic residue, a thick pericarp and smooth endocarp. Editing by edric.


Rare in cultivation.

Comments and Curiosities

A smallish, solitary palm to about 6 m (20 ft.) tall with a slender trunk to about 10 cm (4 in.) in diamteter. Atop a short crownshaft, which is thickly covered in brown wooly hairs, sits a sparse crown holding usually five compact, broad, keeled and slightly recurved leaves. It is native to northeastern New Caledonia, where it grows in low, shrubby, wet mountain forest between 700 and 1250 m (2300 and 4100 ft.). It is extremely rare in cultivation, mostly due to a lack of seeds. (

External Links


All information translated from the French, edric.

Phonetic spelling of Latin names by edric.

Special thanks to Geoff Stein, (Palmbob) for his hundreds of photos.

Special thanks to, Dr. John Dransfield, Dr. Bill Baker & team, for their volumes of information and photos.

Glossary of Palm Terms; Based on the glossary in Dransfield, J., N.W. Uhl, C.B. Asmussen-Lange, W.J. Baker, M.M. Harley & C.E. Lewis. 2008. Genera Palmarum - Evolution and Classification of the Palms. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. All images copyright of the artists and photographers (see images for credits).

Many Special Thanks to Ed Vaile for his long hours of tireless editing and numerous contributions.

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