Chamaedorea sartorii

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Chamaedorea
(kahm-eh-doh-REH-ah)
sartorii (sar-TOR-ee)
Sartorii04z.jpg
Scientific Classification
Genus: Chamaedorea
(kahm-eh-doh-REH-ah)
Species:
sartorii (sar-TOR-ee)
Synonyms
Chamaedorea aurantiaca, Chamaedorea hartwegii, Chamaedorea mexicana
Native Continent
America
America.gif
Morphology
Habit: Solitary
Leaf type: Pinnate
Culture
Survivability index
Common names
Tepejilote cimarron, tepejilote, tepejilotillo, tepejilote chiapaneco - Mexico.

Habitat and Distribution

Chamaedorea sartorii is found in Honduras, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico
Chamaedorea sartorii inflor2z.jpg
Southwest. MEXICO. Veracruz. Puebla. Oaxaca. HONDURAS. Atlantida. Olancho. Wet or moist forest on the Atlantic slope; alt. 100-1,300 m elevation; often on limestone.

Description

Habit: solitary, slender, erect, to 3-4 m tall. Stem: 0.8-1.6 cm in diam., green, prominently ringed, internodes 3-30 cm long. Leaves: 3-6 per crown, spreading, pinnate; sheath 11-23 cm long, tubular, obliquely open, longitudinally striate-nerved; petiole 17-45 cm long, slightly grooved and green above, rounded and pale below; rachis 30-50 cm long, ± prominently and sharply angled and green above, rounded and pale below; pinnae 5-10 on each side of rachis, 20-40 x 4-7 cm, lanceolate to long-Ianceolate, long-acuminate, oblique basally, sigmoid, falcate, ± thick, deep lustrous green, a central midrib and 2 marginal primary nerves, these rounded, conspicuous, 3 secondaries on each side of midrib, tertiaries numerous, faint. Inflorescences: interfoliar but often infrafoliar in fruit, solitary, erect, 30-70 cm long; peduncles 20-50 cm long, green in flower, orange in fruit; bracts 4-6, upper one the largest, to 25 cm long, slender, fibrous, longitudinally striate-nerved, brown in flower; rachises 2-15 cm long, green in flower, orange in fruit. Staminate with 30 rachillae, these 15-25 cm long, slender, pendulous, flexuous, green. Pistillate with 4-8 rachillae, these 15-20 cm long, erect, becoming spreading in fruit, sharply angled and light green in flower, rounded, thicker, fleshy, and orange-red in fruit. Flowers: Staminate in moderately dense spirals, 2.5 x 2.5-3 mm, depressed-globose, orange, slightly sunken in depressions 1.5-2 mm across; calyx 1.25 x 2 mm, deeply lobed, white, sepals connate in basal 1/2, rounded to acute apically, slightly membranous, nerveless; petals 2 x 2 mm, connate briefly basally, free and valvate apically, cupped over stamens, acute, thin, slightly fleshy, nerved on inside; stamens equalling pistillode, filaments white, 0.75-1 mm long, slightly connate basally, anthers 1-1.25 mm long, narrowly oblong, yellow; pistillode shorter than petals, columnar, flared abruptly apically, expanded basally, whitish. Pistillate in remote spirals, 2.5 x 3 mm, globose, slightly sunken in rounded depressions 2-3 mm across, orange to red, slightly aromatic; calyx 1 x 2.5 mm, deeply lobed, pale green to white, sepals connate and/or imbricate briefly basally, rounded to acute apically, thin, nerveless; petals 2.5 x 1.5-2 mm, connate in basal 1/2, free and valvate apically, acute, cup-shaped, thick, fleshy, very slightly nerved on inside; staminodes 6, large, slightly membranous, free, inserted at base of pistil; pistil 1.5 x 1.25-1.5 mm, sub-globose, pale green to white, stigma lobes separated, rounded, recurved, clear-colored. Fruits: 9.5-12.5 x 7-8 mm, ellipsoid-ovoid, black, epicarp transparent, thin, mesocarp slightly fleshy, thin, green, mucilaginous, aromatic, endocarp fibrous-nerved; seeds 7-10 x 5-6 mm, ellipsoid. (Hodel, D.R. 1992)/Palmweb. Editing by edric.

Culture

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Comments and Curiosities

Chamaedorea are dioecious, male, and female flowers, on separate plants.

Etymology: Honors Carl Sartorius, 19th-century German botanist.

It often requires hand pollinating, hence they are quite rare.


External Links

References

Phonetic spelling of Latin names by edric.

Special thanks to Geoff Stein, (Palmbob) for his hundreds of photos.

Special thanks to Palmweb.org, Dr. John Dransfield, Dr. Bill Baker & team, for their volumes of information and photos.

Glossary of Palm Terms; Based on the glossary in Dransfield, J., N.W. Uhl, C.B. Asmussen-Lange, W.J. Baker, M.M. Harley & C.E. Lewis. 2008. Genera Palmarum - Evolution and Classification of the Palms. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. All images copyright of the artists and photographers (see images for credits).

Hodel, D.R.1992. Chamaedorea Palms, The Species and Their Cultivation. The International Palm Society.


Many Special Thanks to Ed Vaile for his long hours of tireless editing and numerous contributions.

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