Chamaedorea palmeriana

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Chamaedorea
(kahm-eh-doh-REH-ah) palmeriana (palm-er'-ee-ahn-ah)
02CE7269-CF7C-4644-A025-1DF78B29EF73z.jpg
Panama.
Scientific Classification
Genus: Chamaedorea
(kahm-eh-doh-REH-ah)
Species: palmeriana (palm-er'-ee-ahn-ah)
Synonyms
None set.
Native Continent
America
America.gif
Morphology
Habit: Solitary
Leaf type: Bifid
Culture
Survivability index
Common names
None.

Habitat and Distribution

Chamaedorea palmeriana is found in Costa Rica, and Panamá. PANAMA. Chiriqui,
Panama.
Veraguas, Bocas del Toro. COSTA RICA. Alajuela, Cartago, Heredia, Limon, San Jose. Dense, wet forest on the Atlantic slope often up to and just over the Continental Divide; alt. 450-1,800 m (1,350-5,900 ft.), elevation.

Description

Habit: solitary, slender, erect but often creeping or decumbent, to 1 m high. Stem: 7-10 mm in diam., smooth, green, ringed, internodes 5-10 cm long, often with aerial roots at base and rooting along its length. Leaves: 7 or sometimes more per crown, spreading, bifid; sheath 5-7 cm long, tubular, green, minutely white-spotted, obliquely open apically, faintly longitudinally striate-nerved; petiole to 15 cm long, flattened and green above, rounded and green below; rachis 8-12 cm long, angled and green above, rounded below with a faint pale yellow or light green band extending onto sheath; blade to 25 x 25 cm, deeply bifid apically to more than 1/2 its length, ± thin, ± papery, bright emerald green, lobes to 9 x 15 cm, corrugated with 12-14 prominent nerves at top of each ridge above, exterior margins toothed. Inflorescences: interfoliar, erect; peduncles to 20-30 cm long, slender, 5-7 mm wide at base and there ± flattened, 2-3 mm in diam. at apex and there rounded, greenish in flower, orange in fruit; bracts 4-5, prophyll 5 cm long, 2nd-4th bracts 15 cm long, uppermost not exceeding peduncle, tightly sheathing, longitudinally striate-nerved, acuminate, bifid, green in flower. Staminate with rachis 1-5 cm long, flexuous, greenish in flower; rachillae 2-7, these to 15 cm long, 1-1.5 mm in diam., erect-spreading, longitudinally ridged, green. Pistillate spicate or rarely with 2-3 rachillae; rachis or flower-bearing portion 15-20 cm long, erect, 1.5-2 mm in diam. and greenish in flower, thickened to 2.5 mm in diam. and orange in fruit.

Culture

In cultivation it prefers an even, humid warm temperate climate, and filtered light.

Comments and Curiosities

Chamaedorea are dioecious, male, and female flowers, on separate plants.

Etymology: Honors Richard W. Palmer who supported and encouraged my work in palms, especially that of Chamaedorea.


External Links

References

Phonetic spelling of Latin names by edric.

Special thanks to Geoff Stein, (Palmbob) for his hundreds of photos.

Special thanks to Palmweb.org, Dr. John Dransfield, Dr. Bill Baker & team, for their volumes of information and photos.

Glossary of Palm Terms; Based on the glossary in Dransfield, J., N.W. Uhl, C.B. Asmussen-Lange, W.J. Baker, M.M. Harley & C.E. Lewis. 2008. Genera Palmarum - Evolution and Classification of the Palms. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. All images copyright of the artists and photographers (see images for credits).

Hodel, D.R.1992. Chamaedorea Palms, The Species and Their Cultivation. The International Palm Society.


Many Special Thanks to Ed Vaile for his long hours of tireless editing and numerous contributions.

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