Chamaedorea neurochlamys

From Palmpedia - Palm Grower's Guide
Jump to: navigation, search
Chamaedorea
(kahm-eh-doh-REH-ah)
neurochlamys (new-rock-LAHM-eez)
Chamaedorea neuroclamysz.jpg
Scientific Classification
Genus: Chamaedorea
(kahm-eh-doh-REH-ah)
Species:
neurochlamys (new-rock-LAHM-eez)
Synonyms
None
Native Continent
America
America.gif
Morphology
Habit: Solitary
Leaf type: Pinnate
Culture
Survivability index
Common names
Pacaya, pacayo, chilac - Guatemala.

Habitat and Distribution

Chamaedorea neurochlamys is found in Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico Southeast,
Chamaedorea neurochlamysz.jpg
and Nicaragua. MEXICO. Campeche. Chiapas. Quintana Roo. GUATEMALA. Alta Verapaz. Huehuetenango. Izabal. Peten. BELIZE. Cayo. Stann Creek. Toledo. HONDURAS. Atlantida. Comayagua. Cortes. La Paz. Ocotepeque. Dense, wet, lowland forest on the Atlantic slope; alt. 0-400 m elevation; occasionally on limestone.

Description

This Chamaedorea produces a slender, solitary stem to 4.5 m. (15 ft.) tall, which holds a small crown of pinnate leaves with broad leaflets. The bright orange-red clusters of fruit are highly attractive. It is generally similar to C. pinnatifrons but can easily be separated by its kidney-shaped fruit.

Habit: solitary, slender, erect, 1.5-4.5 m tall. Stem: 1.5-2.5 cm in diam., smooth, green, ringed, internodes 5-15 cm long. Leaves: 3-5 per crown, pinnate, dull dark green above, glossy green below; sheaths 18 cm long, tubular, obliquely open apically and there whitish when fresh and green longitudinally striate-nerved; petiole 15-29 cm long, lightly grooved and green above, rounded and pale yellow below; rachis 45-65 cm long, angled and green above, rounded below with a pale yellow or whitish band extending onto the sheath; pinnae 6-8 on each side of rachis, lower central ones longest, these 23-33 x 5-6.5 cm, uppermost pinnae slightly broader, 14-16 cm long on upper margin, 5-nerved,lower pinnae smaller, narrowly rhombic-sigmoid, regularly spaced and remote except lower 2-3 ± closer, acuminate, narrowed basally, prominent midrib and submarginal primary nerves shining and slightly keeled toward base above and pale and shining below, 4-5 slightly less prominent secondaries on each side of midrib, tertiaries fine and numerous. Inflorescences: inter- or infrafoliar, solitary; peduncles 40-60 cm long, 1.5 cm wide at base, 6-9 mm wide at apex, erect and greenish yellow or whitish in flower, arching and downward curving slightly and red-orange in fruit; bracts 5-6, tubular, appressed, fibrous, brownish in flower,

Culture

PFC for PP.png

Comments and Curiosities

Chamaedorea are dioecious, male, and female flowers, on separate plants.

Etymology: From the Greek chlamys meaning covering and neuro meaning nerved; however, Burret did not specify its application.


External Links

References

Phonetic spelling of Latin names by edric.

Special thanks to Geoff Stein, (Palmbob) for his hundreds of photos.

Special thanks to Palmweb.org, Dr. John Dransfield, Dr. Bill Baker & team, for their volumes of information and photos.

Glossary of Palm Terms; Based on the glossary in Dransfield, J., N.W. Uhl, C.B. Asmussen-Lange, W.J. Baker, M.M. Harley & C.E. Lewis. 2008. Genera Palmarum - Evolution and Classification of the Palms. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. All images copyright of the artists and photographers (see images for credits).

Hodel, D.R.1992. Chamaedorea Palms, The Species and Their Cultivation. The International Palm Society.


Many Special Thanks to Ed Vaile for his long hours of tireless editing and numerous contributions.

Banner1B
Back to Palm Encyclopedia


Retrieved from "http://palmpedia.net/wiki/index.php5?title=Chamaedorea_neurochlamys&oldid=134771"