Chamaedorea klotzschiana

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Chamaedorea
(kahm-eh-doh-REH-ah)
klotzschiana (klotz-khee'-ahn-ah)
Chamklo0001z.jpg
Scientific Classification
Genus: Chamaedorea
(kahm-eh-doh-REH-ah)
Species:
klotzschiana (klotz-khee'-ahn-ah)
Synonyms
Nunnezharia klotzschiana, Chamaedorea Tepejilote.
Native Continent
America
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Morphology
Habit: Solitary
Leaf type: Pinnate
Height: 4m
Culture
Survivability index
Common names
Tepejilote - Mexico.

Habitat and Distribution

Chamaedorea klotzschiana is found in Rainforests of, Veracruz, and Mexico.
7023097833 758a5e41d2 kz.jpg
Dense, wet forest; alt. 500-1,250 m elevation.

Description

Trunk type: Solitary, small green crownshaft, smooth slender dark green, prominent, very pale leaf scar rings. Trunk diameter: To 3cm, (1.25"). Height: To 3.6m (12'). Spread: To 1.8m (6'). Leaf detail: Pinnately compound, irregularly arranged, up to 0.9m (3'), glossy, medium to dark green, lanceolate leaflets. Inflorescence color: Pink, to red. Fruit color: Black. Editing by edric.

Habit: solitary, erect, 1-4 m tall. Stem: 1.5-2.8 cm in diam., green, smooth, prominently ringed, internodes 5-20 cm long. Leaves: 4-6 per crown, pinnate, erect-spreading; sheath 25-35 cm long, tubular, obliquely open apically, fibrous, green, drying grayish brown and persisting on stem, durable, nearly woody, longitudinally striate-nerved with a rounded ridge extending from petiole; petiole 17-40 cm long, slightly channeled and green above, rounded and pale below; rachis 0.6-1 m long, slightly angled and green above, rounded below with a ± inconspicuous greenish stripe extending onto sheath; pinnae 12-20 on each side of rachis, 20-40 x 3.6-5 cm, narrowly lanceolate to lanceolate, ± sigmoid, clustered in groups of 2-4, groups 8-17 cm apart, long-acuminate, margins entire, lustrous green, midrib and 2 marginal primary nerves especially prominent below, 3 secondaries on each side of midrib, tertiaries numerous, faint. Inflorescences: infrafoliar, sometimes emerging from top of or thrusting off persistent dried leaf sheaths, 40-70 cm long, long pedunculate; peduncles 30-45 cm long, ± rounded but flattened basally, 1-2 cm wide at base, 0.7-1 cm wide at apex, erect and green in flower, downward arching and red-orange in fruit; bracts 5-6, upper one largest, to 30 cm long and exceeding peduncle, fibrous, durable, acute-acuminate, ± tightly sheathing, longitudinally striate-nerved. Staminate with rachis 5-20 cm long,

Culture

Requirements: Full shade to filtered light when young, filtered light to partial shade when mature, this is an understory palm. Consistently moist soil, well drained position. Frost tolerant under cover.

Comments and Curiosities

Chamaedorea are dioecious, male, and female flowers, on separate plants.

Etymology: Honors Wendland's friend and colleague, botanist J. Friedrich Klotzsch.


External Links

References

Phonetic spelling of Latin names by edric.

Special thanks to Geoff Stein, (Palmbob) for his hundreds of photos, edric.

Special thanks to Palmweb.org, Dr. John Dransfield, Dr. Bill Baker & team, for their volumes of information and photos, edric.

Glossary of Palm Terms; Based on the glossary in Dransfield, J., N.W. Uhl, C.B. Asmussen-Lange, W.J. Baker, M.M. Harley & C.E. Lewis. 2008. Genera Palmarum - Evolution and Classification of the Palms. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. All images copyright of the artists and photographers (see images for credits).

Hodel, D.R.1992. Chamaedorea Palms, The Species and Their Cultivation. The International Palm Society.


Many Special Thanks to Ed Vaile for his long hours of tireless editing and numerous contributions.

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