Calyptronoma plumeriana

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Calyptronoma (kah-lip-tro-NO-mah) plumeriana (ploo-mehr-ee-AHN-ah)
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Scientific Classification
Genus: Calyptronoma (kah-lip-tro-NO-mah)
Species: plumeriana (ploo-mehr-ee-AHN-ah)
Synonyms
Calyptronoma dulcis
Native Continent
America
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Morphology
Habit: Solitary
Leaf type: Pinnate
Culture
Survivability index
Common names
Flor de confite, manaca, manaca colorada, manacla, palma de arroyo, palma manaca (Cuba, Dominican Republic); palm a vin (Haiti). "Palma justa", the local name for Prestoea montana (Graham) Nicholson in Cuba, has been misapplied (León 1944). (S. Zona. 1995)/Palmweb.

Habitat and Distribution

Calyptronoma plumeriana is found in Cuba, Dominican Republic, and Haiti. Native to stream
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banks and arroyos, in the hills and mountains of Cuba and Hispaniola. (S. Zona. 1995)/Palmweb.

Description

Trunk l0 m. or more, 15-20.3 cm. in diam. Leaf 1.9-4.6 m. long, with 100-160 segments; segments 44.5-92 cm. long, 2.2-6.8 cm. wide, sometimes bearing inconspicuous multicellular trichomes on the abaxial intercostal surface. Prophyll 27.5- 41 cm. long, 6-9.5 cm. wide. Peduncle 44-78 cm. long and 1.1-2.6 cm. wide; rachillae 12.5-24(-26)cm. long, 3-6.7 mm. in diam., with (5-)6(-7) rows of pits; proximal rachillae borne in clusters of up to 4-7(-10), on stalks 0.9-5 cm. long, 0.4-1.2 cm. wide, clustered rachillae borne for 2/3 or more the length of the rachis; pits 2.4- 4.7 mm. long, 1.8-3.3 mm. wide, longitudinal distance between pits (lip to lip) 5.4-12 mm. Staminate flowers 5.1-8.5 mm long; sepals( 3.6-4.7 mm long, 0.8-1.7 mm wide; petals 4.7-6.2 mm long, 1.2-1.6 mm wide; staminal tube 3.4-7 mm. long, 1.3-1.7 mm. wide; filaments 1.1-1.5 mm. long; anthers 1-2.3 mm. long. Pistillate flowers 3.4-6.7 mm. long; sepals 3.2-4.9 mm. long, 0.7- 1.5 mm. wide; petals 3.2-5.4 mm. long, ca. 1.2 mm. wide; staminode 7.5-7.7 mm. long, 3.1-3.4 mm. wide; gynoecium 4.8-5.1 mm. long, style ca. 5.3 mm. long; ovary 0.7-0.8 mm. long. Fruit 6.8- 12.2 mm. long, 4.8-7.8 mm. in diam.; endocarp free from seed, strongly netlike; seed 3.8-6 mm. long, 2.8-4.8 mm. in diam. (S. Zona. 1995)/Palmweb. Editing by edric.

Culture

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Comments and Curiosities

Uses: Leaves are used for thatch. The flowers and fruits are said to have a sweet flavor, and the terminal bud ("cabbage") is edible (Roig y Mesa l928; Alain 1961). (S. Zona. 1995)/Palmweb.


External Links

References

Phonetic spelling of Latin names by edric.

Special thanks to Geoff Stein, (Palmbob) for his hundreds of photos.

Special thanks to Palmweb.org, Dr. John Dransfield, Dr. Bill Baker & team, for their volumes of information and photos.

Glossary of Palm Terms; Based on the glossary in Dransfield, J., N.W. Uhl, C.B. Asmussen-Lange, W.J. Baker, M.M. Harley & C.E. Lewis. 2008. Genera Palmarum - Evolution and Classification of the Palms. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. All images copyright of the artists and photographers (see images for credits).

Zona, S.1995. A Revision of Calyptronoma (Arecaceae). Principes 39: 140-151.


Many Special Thanks to Ed Vaile for his long hours of tireless editing and numerous contributions.

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