Calyptronoma plumeriana

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Calyptronoma (kah-lip-tro-NO-mah) plumeriana (ploo-mehr-ee-AHN-ah)
Scientific Classification
Genus: Calyptronoma (kah-lip-tro-NO-mah)
Species: plumeriana (ploo-mehr-ee-AHN-ah)
Calyptronoma dulcis
Native Continent
Habit: Solitary
Leaf type: Pinnate
Survivability index
Common names
Flor de confite, manaca, manaca colorada, manacla, palma de arroyo, palma manaca (Cuba, Dominican Republic); palm a vin (Haiti). "Palma justa", the local name for Prestoea montana (Graham) Nicholson in Cuba, has been misapplied (León 1944). (S. Zona. 1995)/Palmweb.

Habitat and Distribution

Calyptronoma plumeriana is found in Cuba, Dominican Republic, and Haiti. Native to stream
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banks and arroyos, in the hills and mountains of Cuba and Hispaniola. (S. Zona. 1995)/Palmweb.


Trunk l0 m. or more, 15-20.3 cm. in diam. Leaf 1.9-4.6 m. long, with 100-160 segments; segments 44.5-92 cm. long, 2.2-6.8 cm. wide, sometimes bearing inconspicuous multicellular trichomes on the abaxial intercostal surface. Prophyll 27.5- 41 cm. long, 6-9.5 cm. wide. Peduncle 44-78 cm. long and 1.1-2.6 cm. wide; rachillae 12.5-24(-26)cm. long, 3-6.7 mm. in diam., with (5-)6(-7) rows of pits; proximal rachillae borne in clusters of up to 4-7(-10), on stalks 0.9-5 cm. long, 0.4-1.2 cm. wide, clustered rachillae borne for 2/3 or more the length of the rachis; pits 2.4- 4.7 mm. long, 1.8-3.3 mm. wide, longitudinal distance between pits (lip to lip) 5.4-12 mm. Staminate flowers 5.1-8.5 mm long; sepals( 3.6-4.7 mm long, 0.8-1.7 mm wide; petals 4.7-6.2 mm long, 1.2-1.6 mm wide; staminal tube 3.4-7 mm. long, 1.3-1.7 mm. wide; filaments 1.1-1.5 mm. long; anthers 1-2.3 mm. long. Pistillate flowers 3.4-6.7 mm. long; sepals 3.2-4.9 mm. long, 0.7- 1.5 mm. wide; petals 3.2-5.4 mm. long, ca. 1.2 mm. wide; staminode 7.5-7.7 mm. long, 3.1-3.4 mm. wide; gynoecium 4.8-5.1 mm. long, style ca. 5.3 mm. long; ovary 0.7-0.8 mm. long. Fruit 6.8- 12.2 mm. long, 4.8-7.8 mm. in diam.; endocarp free from seed, strongly netlike; seed 3.8-6 mm. long, 2.8-4.8 mm. in diam. (S. Zona. 1995)/Palmweb. Editing by edric.


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Comments and Curiosities

Uses: Leaves are used for thatch. The flowers and fruits are said to have a sweet flavor, and the terminal bud ("cabbage") is edible (Roig y Mesa l928; Alain 1961). (S. Zona. 1995)/Palmweb.

External Links


Phonetic spelling of Latin names by edric.

Special thanks to Geoff Stein, (Palmbob) for his hundreds of photos.

Special thanks to, Dr. John Dransfield, Dr. Bill Baker & team, for their volumes of information and photos.

Glossary of Palm Terms; Based on the glossary in Dransfield, J., N.W. Uhl, C.B. Asmussen-Lange, W.J. Baker, M.M. Harley & C.E. Lewis. 2008. Genera Palmarum - Evolution and Classification of the Palms. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. All images copyright of the artists and photographers (see images for credits).

Zona, S.1995. A Revision of Calyptronoma (Arecaceae). Principes 39: 140-151.

Many Special Thanks to Ed Vaile for his long hours of tireless editing and numerous contributions.

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