Corypha umbraculifera

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Corypha (kohr-EE-fah)
umbraculifera
(uhm-brah-koo-lih-FEHR-ah)
Post-42-1257162570.jpg
Townsville Palmetum, Queensland, Australia. Photo by Daryl O'Connor.
Scientific Classification
Genus: Corypha (kohr-EE-fah)
Species:
umbraculifera
(uhm-brah-koo-lih-FEHR-ah)
Synonyms
None set.
Native Continent
Asia
Asia.gif
Morphology
Habit: Solitary
Leaf type: Costapalmate
Culture
Survivability index
Common names
Talipot, Talipotpalme, Grote waaier palm, San xing xing li ye ye zi, Palmier talipot, Talipote.

Habitat and Distribution

Corypha umbraculifera is endemic to India, distribution to Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Thailand,
Kris Achar, standing next to a Corypha umbraculifera, (Talipot palm), Lal Bagh Garden, Banglore, India.
and China. Originally from India; brought to Surinam by the East-Indian immigrants.

Description

It is one of the largest palms in the world; individual specimens have reached heights of up to 34 m. or 100 feet, with a trunk of up to 1.3 m. or 3.5 feet in diameter. A fan palm with large costapalmate leaves up to 7 m. or 21 feet in across, an armed with small 2 cm. thorns, the petiole up to 4 m long, and up to 130 leaflets. The talipot palm bears the largest inflorescence of any plant, 6-8 m. long, consisting of up to several million small flowers, borne on a branched stalk that forms at the top of the trunk, monocarpic, (the inflorescence is terminal, dies after flowering), flowering only once, when it is 30 to 80 years old. It takes about a year for the fruit to mature, producing thousands of round, dark green fruit 3-4 cm. diameter, each containing a single seed, it take about a year for the fruit to ripen. Then the tree dies after bearing fruit. Editing by edric.

Culture

Sunny, moist, but well drained position water sparingly. Drought tolerant. Neutral pH soil. Needs considerable space. Very slow growing. Hardiness: USDA zone 10A - 11. Will not tolerate dry climate, including Southern California.

Comments and Curiosities

This is a monocarpic genus.

The sap is tapped to make a wine. Leaves used for thatching. In the Malabar Coast, the palm leaves were used to make traditional umbrellas for agricultural workers and students in rural areas until a few decades ago. The tree is known as kudapana in Malayalam Language, which means "umbrella" palm tree. No longer exits in habitat, due to urbanization.

One of its huge leaves can shelter 10 men from the rain.


External Links

References

Phonetic spelling of Latin names by edric.

Special thanks to Geoff Stein, (Palmbob) for his hundreds of photos.

Special thanks to Palmweb.org, Dr. John Dransfield, Dr. Bill Baker & team, for their volumes of information and photos.

Glossary of Palm Terms; Based on the glossary in Dransfield, J., N.W. Uhl, C.B. Asmussen-Lange, W.J. Baker, M.M. Harley & C.E. Lewis. 2008. Genera Palmarum - Evolution and Classification of the Palms. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. All images copyright of the artists and photographers (see images for credits).


Many Special Thanks to Ed Vaile for his long hours of tireless editing and numerous contributions.

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