Corypha lecomtei

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Corypha (kohr-EE-fah)
lecomtei (leh-KOHM-teh)
CorLec.jpg
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Scientific Classification
Genus: Corypha (kohr-EE-fah)
Species:
lecomtei (leh-KOHM-teh)
Synonyms
None set.
Native Continent
Asia
Asia.gif
Morphology
Habit: Solitary
Leaf type: Costapalmate
Culture
Survivability index
Common names
Lan Palm, Thi Talipot Palm in Eng., Drmn, Satnlan, Bai Lan, Laan, Lan, in Thai., La-buon, La-buong, in Vietnamese.

Habitat and Distribution

Corypha lecomtei is endemic to Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, and Vietnam, where it grows
Nong Nooch Botanical Gardens, Thailand.
in dry forests, and in open spaces along the small rivers and streams, up to an altitude of about 600 meters.

Description

Solitary trunk, monoecious, (both sexes on one plant), monocarpic, (inflorescence is terminal, dies after it flowers), which means it has only one chance to bear fruit, (like Caryota genus). Up to 6 meters tall, with a diameter of 70 cm., old leaves form a skirt, leaves are costapalmate, ascendant, (upright), with leaf tips slightly drooping, gray-green in color, the leaf itself about 2 meters long, on a 6 meter long, armed petiole, with 1 cm. long thorns, green with black borders, and unsplit at the base, with about a 3 meter spread, 10 meter tall inflorescence, on a 2 meter tall penduncle, with whitish flowers, the blossom occurs when the tree is between 40 and 60 years old, when it has stored a great deal of starches, that are converted to sugars, in order to produce the massive inflorescence, fruit is globular, 7-8 cm. long, and brownish in color. Editing by edric.

Culture

Sow deep, germinates in 3-6 months. Has a fair resistance to drought. Hardiness: may tolerate -2 degrees C..

Comments and Curiosities

This is a monocarpic genus.

Etymology: The name of the genus comes from the Greek "Coryphee", meaning top, or summit.

Uses: Fibers from the petioles were used to make sails, and ropes. Fruit can be eaten.

Even though still a large palm, this species from Southeast Asia and southern China is of considerably more moderate size than the other members of this genus. It forms a moderately tall, solitary trunk, topped by a large crown of massive, circular, deep green, costapalmate leaves. Like all Corypha, every plant frowers only once with a very large terminal infloresecence that produces thousands of golfball-sized seeds. It tolerates cooler conditions than other Corypha and apart from tropical areas, it will also grow in some warm temperate places. (RPS.com)


External Links

References

Phonetic spelling of Latin names by edric.

Special thanks to Geoff Stein, (Palmbob) for his hundreds of photos.

Special thanks to Palmweb.org, Dr. John Dransfield, Dr. Bill Baker & team, for their volumes of information and photos.

Glossary of Palm Terms; Based on the glossary in Dransfield, J., N.W. Uhl, C.B. Asmussen-Lange, W.J. Baker, M.M. Harley & C.E. Lewis. 2008. Genera Palmarum - Evolution and Classification of the Palms. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. All images copyright of the artists and photographers (see images for credits).


Many Special Thanks to Ed Vaile for his long hours of tireless editing and numerous contributions.

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