| Coccothrinax (koh-koh-TRIH-naks) |
Florida Keys Florida, photo by Paul Craft.
Habitat and DistributionCoccothrinax argentata is found in southeastern coast, and Keys of Florida, and the
Trunk type: Solitary. Hight: To 6 meters, (20'). Covered with fine brown fibers, closely woven at the top, bare, light gray at the bottom, 2 to 8 inches in diameter (5 to 20 cm). Leaf detail: Palmately compound, 12 to 18 leaves with silvery gray or golden bottom surface, 40-54 leaflets split at their ends., up to 3 feet wide (90 cm). Flower: White or light yellow, fragrant, dioecious flowers. Flower stalk coming from below the leaves, 2 feet long. Fruit: Purple-black berry, about 3/8" in diameter, when ripe. up to 0.5 inch in diameter (1.2 cm) Round. Seed: round, wrinkled. Flowers all year. Editing by edric.
Requirements: Full sun, moderate water, well drained position. Nutritional Requirements: Low to moderate; it can grow in nutrient poor soils, or soils with some organic content. Salt Water Tolerance: Low; does not tolerate long-term flooding by salt or brackish water. Salt Wind Tolerance: High; can tolerate moderate amounts of salt wind without injury. Drought Tolerance: Moderate to high; does not require any supplemental water once established, but establishment may take a year or more to occur. Light Requirements: Full sun to light shade.Can be grown from de-pulped seeds. Place in full sun in moist sandy soil with some organic content. Germination is in 6 weeks or more. Young plants may grow quickly to 2 feet in a couple of years, but from then on the growth is slow.
Comments and Curiosities
Wildlife and Ecology: Provides food for wildlife. Larval host plant for monk skipper (Asbolis capucinus) butterflies. Birds eat the fruits.This is one of the most handsome small native trees. However, mature plants are very costly due its slow growth rate. It is sometimes illegally collected from the wild, so be sure of your source! In the West Indies, it is used for making baskets, hats and other crafts. It is listed as threatened by the state of Florida.
- Glossary of Palm Terms
- MODERN BOTANICAL LATIN
- "Just To Be Clear"
Phonetic spelling of Latin names by edric.
Special thanks to Geoff Stein, (Palmbob) for his hundreds of photos.
Special thanks to Palmweb.org, Dr. John Dransfield, Dr. Bill Baker & team, for their volumes of information and photos.
Glossary of Palm Terms; Based on the glossary in Dransfield, J., N.W. Uhl, C.B. Asmussen-Lange, W.J. Baker, M.M. Harley & C.E. Lewis. 2008. Genera Palmarum - Evolution and Classification of the Palms. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. All images copyright of the artists and photographers (see images for credits).
Many Special Thanks to Ed Vaile for his long hours of tireless editing and numerous contributions.