Burretiokentia hapala

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Burretiokentia
(bur-ret-ee-oh-kent-EE-ah)
hapala (hah-PAH-lah)
Burhap0013z.jpg
Vallée des palmiers, New Caledonia.
Scientific Classification
Genus: Burretiokentia
(bur-ret-ee-oh-kent-EE-ah)
Species:
hapala (hah-PAH-lah)
Synonyms
None set.
Native Continent
Oceania
Oceania.gif
Morphology
Habit: Solitary
Leaf type: Pinnate
Culture
Survivability index
Common names
None.

Habitat and Distribution

Burretiokentia hapala is endemic to New Caledonia. This species occurs in the north of Grande Terre (main island). habitat In rain forest, on slopes and in gallery forest.
Vallée des palmiers, New Caledonia.
Substrate: On ground more or less steep slopes, or alluvial sedimentary origin, rarely mixed with limestone contributions. (From the French)

Description

Palm to 15 m tall. Trunk 10 to 17 cm. in diameter with conspicuous leaf scars, sometimes with adventitious stilt roots at the base. Leaves unfolded, average ten or so, with a short petiole tomentose, sheath 60 to 100 cm., olive-green covered with tomentum from brown to a whitish color. Phenology (flower) Inflorescences, 2-6, spreading and drooping, covered with a tomentum thick, woolly, whitish to becoming brown with age. Fruit ovoid, slightly ellipsoid of 15 x 8-9 mm., purple at maturity. (From the French) Editing by edric.

Culture

Southern California Experience: This New Caledonian palm is easily the easiest Burretiokentia to grow here in California (though limited experiences with dumasii and grandiflora so far)... and probably one of the easiest of all the New Caledonian palms. It is slow (as all New Caledonian palms are here), but not nearly as slow as almost all the others. If given plenty of shade and wind protection, as well as water and rich, draining soil, this palm is a pretty easy grow here in Southern California, tolerating temps into the high 20sF/-2.7C, and sometimes as low as 25 F/-3.8 C (though will burn pretty badly at that temp). My 5 gal seedling reliably produced 2-3 leaves a year (very fast!) and I did not have a single problem with it in 9 years despite highs in the low 100's F/37.7 C, and lows in the mid 20's F/-3.8 C. But mine was growing under some canopy and never saw the direct light of day.

This palm has proved rather easy to grow in South Queensland, much more so than its sibling B. viellardii . As a seedling it requires shade and ample amounts of water, but it can quickly adapt to full sun position. It is also rather cold tolerant.

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Comments and Curiosities


External Links

References

Phonetic spelling of Latin names by edric.

Special thanks to Geoff Stein, (Palmbob) for his hundreds of photos.

Special thanks to Palmweb.org, Dr. John Dransfield, Dr. Bill Baker & team, for their volumes of information and photos.

Glossary of Palm Terms; Based on the glossary in Dransfield, J., N.W. Uhl, C.B. Asmussen-Lange, W.J. Baker, M.M. Harley & C.E. Lewis. 2008. Genera Palmarum - Evolution and Classification of the Palms. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. All images copyright of the artists and photographers (see images for credits).

H. E. Moore Jr. 1969. New palms from the Pacific, II.


Many Special Thanks to Ed Vaile for his long hours of tireless editing and numerous contributions.

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