Attalea colenda

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Attalea (at-tahl-EH-ah)
colenda (coh-LEHN-dah)
A06fig01.jpg
South-western Ecuador. Photo: scielo.org.pe
Scientific Classification
Genus: Attalea (at-tahl-EH-ah)
Species:
colenda (coh-LEHN-dah)
Synonyms
None set.
Native Continent
America
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Morphology
Habit: Solitary
Leaf type: Pinnate
Culture
Survivability index
Common names
Chivila, Palma real.

Habitat and Distribution

Attalea colenda is Found in pastures in coastal Ecuador and adjacent parts of Colombia (Nariño), moist forest, often in cleared areas.
Photo-Rare Palm Seeds.com

Description

Canopy palm. Stem solitary, to 35 m tall and 35-60 cm in diameter, smooth, with neatly abscising leaves. Leaves arching, with twisted leaf axis so that the distal part of the blade stands in a vertical plane; pinnae to 200 on each side, regularly inserted in one plane, the central ones 150-200 cm long and 6-9 cm wide, with cross veins inconspicuous. Inflorescence erect, 150-300 cm long; branches 600-800, to 40 cm long. Male flowers pale yellow, with triangular, imbricate petals, 10-12 mm long, and 8-11 stamens of the same length. Female flowers 10-15 mm long. Fruits light brown to orange at maturity, 4-6 cm long, with 1-3 seeds.(Borchsenius, F. 1998)/Palmweb. Editing by edric.

Culture

Comments and Curiosities

Attalea colenda is a monoecious palm. In dry regions, it is a valuable source of oil in self-sufficiency farming or in combination with cattle in pastures. The palm was studied over a gradient of dry to humid environments during two fruiting seasons. Palm growth, production of leaves, inflorescences, and infructescences, number of fruits per infructescence, and seed weight of five populations were evaluated. The individual of average size is 15 m tall, which corresponds to approximately 30–40 years of age. No difference in fruit production was recorded between wet and dry regions of coastal Ecuador. The average production of one hectare of pasture, with 50 palms, was 0.9 t of oil per year. One population that was part of an agroforestry system produced 50% more fruits than the average of all populations in pasture. Native to the coastal plain of western Ecuador, produces from one to four infructescences per tree every year, each with an average of 5065 fruits. The oil content of the seeds is 56.9% dry weight. Kernel oil production per infructescence is 7–16 kg. A hectare with 50 trees can produce between 0.35 and 3.2 tons of oil per year. The kernel oil is chemically similar to coconut oil and and kernel oil from the African oil palm. The increasing demand for lauric oil on the world market makes A. colenda a potential oil source.

Uses; Used in Manta oil, made from the seeds, it is extracted commercially, and used for cooking oil.


External Links

References

Phonetic spelling of Latin names by edric.

Special thanks to Geoff Stein, (Palmbob) for his hundreds of photos.

Special thanks to Palmweb.org, Dr. John Dransfield, Dr. Bill Baker & team, for their volumes of information and photos.

Glossary of Palm Terms; Based on the glossary in Dransfield, J., N.W. Uhl, C.B. Asmussen-Lange, W.J. Baker, M.M. Harley & C.E. Lewis. 2008. Genera Palmarum - Evolution and Classification of the Palms. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. All images copyright of the artists and photographers (see images for credits).

Borchsenius, F.1998. Manual to the palms of Ecuador. AAU Reports 37. Department of Systematic Botany, University of Aarhus, Denmark in collaboration with Pontificia Universidad Catalica del Ecuador.


Many Special Thanks to Ed Vaile for his long hours of tireless editing and numerous contributions.

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