Arenga caudata

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Arenga (ah-REN-gah)
caudata (kaw-DAHT-ah)
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Thailand. Photo by Dr. John Dransfield, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew/Palmweb.
Scientific Classification
Genus: Arenga (ah-REN-gah)
Species:
caudata (kaw-DAHT-ah)
Synonyms
Borassus caudatus, Didymosperma caudatum, Wallichia caudata.
Native Continent
Asia
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Morphology
Habit: Clustering
Leaf type: Pinnate
Culture
Survivability index
Common names
Miniature Sugar Palm.

Habitat and distribution

Arenga caudata
Khao Chong, southern Thailand. Photo by Dr. S. Barrow, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew/Palmweb.
is found in Cambodia, Hainan, Laos, Malaya, South Myanmar (Burma), Thailand, and Vietnam. Lowland rain forests or deciduous forests, sometimes on limestone outcrops; below 700 m. Guangxi, Hainan [Cambodia].

Description

An understory palm. Growth habit, clustering, to 1.5 m tall, 1-2 cm in diam. Leaf petioles to 0.4 m; rachis to 0.5 m; pinnae to 10 per side of rachis, linear to rhomboid (rarely blade undivided), briefly lobed along margins and with elongate apices, without ears at bases, regularly arranged and spreading in same plane except for basal few pinnae; middle pinnae to 20 cm, to 7 cm wide at mid-point. Inflorescences to 50 cm; male rachillae 1(-3), 16-20 cm; male flowers 5-8 mm; sepals about 1 mm; petals 5-8 mm; stamens 13-15; female rachilla 1, to 30 cm; female flowers about 5 mm; sepals about 1 mm; petals 2-3 mm. Fruits red, ellipsoid to oblong, about 1.5 × 0.8 cm.

Culture

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Comments and Curiosities

The leaves are used to weave hats.


External Links

References

Phonetic spelling of Latin names by edric.

Special thanks to Geoff Stein, (Palmbob) for his hundreds of photos.

Special thanks to Palmweb.org, Dr. John Dransfield, Dr. Bill Baker & team, for their volumes of information and photos.

Glossary of Palm Terms; Based on the glossary in Dransfield, J., N.W. Uhl, C.B. Asmussen-Lange, W.J. Baker, M.M. Harley & C.E. Lewis. 2008. Genera Palmarum - Evolution and Classification of the Palms. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. All images copyright of the artists and photographers (see images for credits).


Many Special Thanks to Ed Vaile for his long hours of tireless editing and numerous contributions.

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