| Areca (ah-REHK-ah) |
COSTA RICA: Turrialba, November, 1975.
Habitat and DistributionAreca triandra is found in Andaman Is., Assam, Bangladesh, Borneo,
Physical Characteristics, Height:Up to 5 m (16 ft) Spread:Up to 2.7 m (9 ft) Growth Habit:Clumping, Growth Rate: Fast, Trunk Type:Green Crownshaft, Green Prominently Ringed, Trunk Diameter:Up to 50 mm (2") Leaf Type:Pinnate, Leaf Size: Up to 2 m (6 ft) Leaf Color:Dark Green, Petiole:Unarmed, Self Cleaning:Yes, Inflorescence Color:Yellow, Reproduction:Monoecious, Fruit Description:Up to 25 mm (1") Ovoid, Fruit Color:Orange/Red. Editing by edric.
Cultural Requirements, Light:Partial Shade, Heavy Shade Soil:Consistently Moist, Well Draining, Maintain Moisture, Min. Temp:-1°C (30°F) Tolerances:High Humidity, Low Light. Clumping Species, Germination:1-3 Months,30-35°C (86-95°F)
This palm does well when potted as far north as Jacksonville, Florida and can be moved safely into a greenhouse during the winter months.
Comments and Curiosities
Native Uses:- Animal feed, Also As A Stimulant, When this palm is flowering, it has a very noticable lemon fragrance.
Origin:- India and throughout South-East Asia
Areca triandra: - Conservation Status:- Not endangered
Sun Requirements:- Partial shade to shade
Water Requirements:- high
Minimum Temperature:- eported to be -3 Degrees Centigrade
Overall Height:- 10 - 15 feet
Spread:- 6 - 9 feet
Trunk:- Clustering, 2-3 inches in diameter, grey, texture is smooth and ringed
Leaf:- Pinnate, up to 5 feet long, dark green
Flowers:- Pale yellow with green stalks, formed below the crownshaft
Fruit:- Half an inch in diameter, oval with one flattened end and orange when ripe
Sex:- Monoecious, male and female flowers occur on same plant
Pests & Diseases:- Spider mites, root rot
Seed Germination:- Very easy, up to 1 month, when fresh
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- Glossary of Palm Terms
- MODERN BOTANICAL LATIN
- "Just To Be Clear"
Phonetic spelling of Latin names by edric.
Special thanks to Geoff Stein, (Palmbob) for his hundreds of photos.
Special thanks to Palmweb.org, Dr. John Dransfield, Dr. Bill Baker & team, for their volumes of information and photos.
Glossary of Palm Terms; Based on the glossary in Dransfield, J., N.W. Uhl, C.B. Asmussen-Lange, W.J. Baker, M.M. Harley & C.E. Lewis. 2008. Genera Palmarum - Evolution and Classification of the Palms. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. All images copyright of the artists and photographers (see images for credits).
Many Special Thanks to Ed Vaile for his long hours of tireless editing and numerous contributions.