Astrocaryum alatum

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Astrocaryum (ahs-tro-kahr-EE-uhm)
alatum (ah-LAH-toom)
Ec2c1991-3238-4ae6-ace4-4275ec71deb1z.jpg
Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garde, Florida. Photo by Dr. Carl E. Lewis, Carl E. Lewis, Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden/Palmweb.
Scientific Classification
Genus: Astrocaryum (ahs-tro-kahr-EE-uhm)
Species:
alatum (ah-LAH-toom)
Synonyms
None set.
Native Continent
America
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Morphology
Habit: Solitary
Leaf type: Pinnate
Height: 1.5-7 m
Trunk diameter: 10-17 cm
Culture
Sun exposure: Shade
Watering: Very Moist
Soil type: Well/poor drained
Survivability index
Common names
Coquito, coquillo

Habitat and Distribution

Astrocaryum alatum is found in Bolivia, Brazil North, Colombia, French Guiana,
Habitat. Photo by Dr. R. Aguilar
Guyana, Suriname, Trinidad-Tobago, and Venezuela. Low Elevation Rainforest. Often in swamps.

Description

Understory to medium size, solitary, pinnate leaves of varying widths in a single plane, spines on petiole, branched inflorescence, Height: Up to 6m (20 ft) Growth Habit: Solitary, Trunk Type: No Crownshaft, Stout, Brown and Woody, Trunk Diameter: Up to 18 cm (7") Leaf Type: Pinnate, Leaf Size: Up to 3 m (10 ft) Leaf Color: Dark Green, Light Grey Underside, Petiole: Armed, Self Cleaning: No, Inflorescence Color: White/Cream, Reproduction: Monoecious, Fruit Description: Up to 5 cm (2") Obovoid, Fruit Color: Yellow/Brown. Editing by edric.

Culture

Light: Full Sun, Partial Shade, Soil:Requires Consistently Moist, Fast Draining Soil, Min. Temp: -3°C (27°F) Tolerances: Full Sun, High Humidity, Mild Frost, Germination: 1.3 Months, 25-30°C (77-86°F). Grows well in alkaline to slightly acidic soils. Growth rate slow to medium. Tolerates brief cold snaps into mid 30s. Slight salt tolerance. Warm, sheltered, and moist, rich soil.

Comments and Curiosities

Conservation Status: Lower Risk, Near Threatened. Habitat Threats: Human Settlement.

May be confused with Astrocaryum mexicanum, but this palm's stem is not covered with persistent, spiny leaf bases.


External Links

References

Phonetic spelling of Latin names by edric.

Special thanks to Geoff Stein, (Palmbob) for his hundreds of photos.

Special thanks to Palmweb.org, Dr. John Dransfield, Dr. Bill Baker & team, for their volumes of information and photos.

Glossary of Palm Terms; Based on the glossary in Dransfield, J., N.W. Uhl, C.B. Asmussen-Lange, W.J. Baker, M.M. Harley & C.E. Lewis. 2008. Genera Palmarum - Evolution and Classification of the Palms. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. All images copyright of the artists and photographers (see images for credits).


Many Special Thanks to Ed Vaile for his long hours of tireless editing and numerous contributions.

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